See also: and
U+5BAE, 宮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BAE

[U+5BAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BAF]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十口竹口 (JRHR), four-corner 30606, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 285, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7156
  • Dae Jaweon: page 564, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): not present, would follow volume 2, page 936, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5BAE

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + : many rooms under a roof (a palace).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • keng - vernacular;
  • kiong - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kuŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kuŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kuŋ²¹/
    Jinan /kuŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /kəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kuŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kuŋ²¹/
    Xining /kuə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kuŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kũn³¹/
    Ürümqi /kuŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /koŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /koŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /koŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /koŋ/
    Nanjing /koŋ³¹/
    Hefei /kəŋ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kuəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /kuŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /kũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /koŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /koŋ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /koŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /koŋ³³/
    /t͡ɕoŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /kuʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /kan¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /koŋ³³/
    Xiangtan /kən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /kuŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /kiuŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kioŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /koŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /kuŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kuŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔŋ⁵⁵/
    /kiŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /keŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /koŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯uŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiōng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjuwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k(r)uŋ/
    English dwelling; palace; note of scale

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4147
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kuŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (architecture) palace
    2. (architecture, religion) temple
    3. (anatomy) abbreviation of 子宮 (womb; uterus)
      /   ―  gōngjǐng  ―  cervix
    4. (music) the first note of the Chinese pentatonic scale
    5. (historical law) castration as a punishment
    6. A surname​.

    Usage notesEdit

    In reference to temples, 宮 ("palace") is used for traditional deities considered to rank highly in the celestial bureaucracy, such as Mazu who was honored by the Qing dynasty as the "Queen of Heaven" after their successful invasion of Taiwan.

    Coordinate termsEdit

    HypernymsEdit

    • (historical punishment): 五刑 (wǔxíng)

    SynonymsEdit

    • (temple): See (miào)

    See alsoEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. a shrine; a palace

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    みや
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    /mi1ya/ → /miya/

    From Old Japanese. A compound of or (mi, spiritual honorific) +‎ (ya, house).[1][2][3][4]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (みや) (miya

    1. (Shinto) the place where a god resides: a shrine
      • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 413)[6]
        Miya. ミヤ (宮) 神 (Camis)の社.
    2. (Buddhism) a temple holding a Buddhist statue
    3. the place where a ruler resides: a palace
      • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 413)[6]
        Miya. ミヤ (宮) 国王の子. また, 国王の宮殿
    4. a member of the imperial family
      • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 413)[6]
        Miya. ミヤ (宮) 国王の子. また, 国王の宮殿

    Proper nounEdit

    (みや) (Miya

    1. a surname
    2. an old name for a region in the Atsuta area of Nagoya, Aichi prefecture, where the Atsuta Shrine is located

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    きゅう
    Grade: 3
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC kɨuŋ, “dwelling; palace; note on a scale”). Compare modern Min Nan reading kiong.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (きゅう) (kyū (historical kana きゆう)

    1. a palace
    2. (traditional music of China and Japan) the keynote or tonic of a musical scale, such as do in the do re mi scale notation of solfège
    3. Short for 宮刑: literally “palace punishment”, this consisted of castration for men and sequestration in the palace for women
    4. (astronomy, astrology) a zodiac sign or house, defined as one-twelfth of the circle of the ecliptic
      (おう)(どう)(じゅう)()(きゅう)(ほう)(へい)(きゅう)
      ōdō jūni kyū, hōhei kyū
      the twelve signs of the zodiac, the house of Aquarius

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Doi, Tadao (1603–1604) Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, →ISBN.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (jip gung))

    1. Hanja form? of (house).

    (eumhun 대궐 (daegwol gung))

    1. Hanja form? of (palace).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cung)

    1. palace