Chinese edit

 
statesman; vassal; courtier
statesman; vassal; courtier; minister; official
 
child; son; (noun suffix)
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 p.m.–1 a.m., midnight
simp. and trad.
(臣子)

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (25) (13)
Final () (43) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter dzyin tsiX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪn/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑin/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjen/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑin/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/ʑiĕn/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕn/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ĕn/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
san4 zi2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyin › ‹ tsiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]i[ŋ]/ /*tsəʔ/
English slave, subject child; gentleman, master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 1342 17857
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡiŋ/ /*ʔslɯʔ/
Notes

使

Noun edit

臣子

  1. minister; statesman; official (in feudal society)

Synonyms edit