Last modified on 30 April 2015, at 18:33

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (grass) + phonetic  – an aspect of plants.

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿一女竹 (TMVH), four-corner 44241)

  1. bud, sprout, shoot

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1021, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30860
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1480, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3179, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+82BD

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (芽), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 五加切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣa/ /ŋa/ /ŋa/ /ŋɯa/ /ŋaɨ/ /ŋa/ /ŋa/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngæ › /*m-ɢˤ<r>a/ shoot, sprout

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14178 0 /*ŋraː/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune-Reischauer a, Yale a)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nha)

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