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U+90AA, 邪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90AA

[U+90A9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90AB]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 163, +4 in Chinese, 邑+5 in Japanese, 7 strokes in Chinese, 8 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 一竹弓中 (MHNL), four-corner 17227, composition ⿰牙)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1269, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1768, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3758, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+90AA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms “evil; strange; tilted”
𧘪 “evil; strange; tilted”
“evil; strange; tilted; particle”

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljaː, *laː
*ljaː
*ŋraː
*ŋraː
*ŋraː, *ŋraːs
*ŋraː, *hŋraː
*ŋraː, *ŋraːs
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*qraː
*laː

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljaː, *laː): phonetic  (OC *ŋraː) + semantic  (town; city).

The semantic component suggests that this character was originally used in a place name, which Shuowen suggests to be 琅邪. It was later borrowed for other meanings, the most prominent being “wrong; evil” (originally written as ).

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ³⁵/
Harbin /ɕiɛ²²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕie⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiə⁴²/
Qingdao /siə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /siɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiɛ²⁴/
Xining /ɕi⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕie⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiə⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕie²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕie³¹/
Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /sie²⁴/
Hefei /ɕi⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑia²³/
Suzhou /ziɑ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiɑ²¹³/
Wenzhou /zei³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /sie¹³/
Xiangtan /siɒ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɑ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sia¹¹/
Taoyuan /siɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɛ²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰe²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɛ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sia⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sia²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sia⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /se³¹/
/tia³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (17)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zia/
Pan
Wuyun
/zia/
Shao
Rongfen
/zia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zia/
Li
Rong
/zia/
Wang
Li
/zĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xié
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xié
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə.ɢA/
English awry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14175
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljaː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. wrong; evil; depraved; vicious; perverse; heterodox
  2. unnatural; strange
  3. disaster; calamity
  4. (traditional Chinese medicine) unwholesome environmental factor; pathogenetic factor
  5. Alternative form of (xié, “tilted; inclined”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jia/
Pan
Wuyun
/jia/
Shao
Rongfen
/ia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jia/
Li
Rong
/ia/
Wang
Li
/jĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢ(r)A/
English 琅邪 (name of a mountain in Shāndōng)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14197
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laː/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 琅邪, alternative form of 琅琊.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jia/
Pan
Wuyun
/jia/
Shao
Rongfen
/ia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jia/
Li
Rong
/ia/
Wang
Li
/jĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ](r)A/
English (interrogative particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14197
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laː/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “sentence-final interrogative particle”).
  2. The chant of labourers used for synchronized pulling, lifting, etc., similar to heigh-ho.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 4Edit



BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjo ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə.la/
English walk slowly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “slow”).

Pronunciation 5Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “remainder; remaining days”).

Pronunciation 6Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 歸邪归邪.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. wicked
  2. injustice
  3. wrong

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa, ya) (hangeul , , revised sa, ya, McCune–Reischauer sa, ya, Yale sa, ya)

  1. cunning, sly, crafty, artful
  2. dislocated, out of joint, out of step, out of line
  3. deceive, cheat, trick, fool, swindle
  4. crooked, askew, slanted

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.