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U+9D09, 鴉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9D09

[U+9D08]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9D0A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 196, +4, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一竹竹日火 (MHHAF), four-corner 17227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1484, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46738
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2016, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4618, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9D09

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljaː, *laː
*ljaː
*ŋraː
*ŋraː
*ŋraː, *ŋraːs
*ŋraː, *hŋraː
*ŋraː, *ŋraːs
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*qraː
*laː

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with (OC *qaː, “crow; raven”). The Middle Chinese of retains the earlier vowel.

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ia⁵⁵/
Harbin /ia⁴⁴/ 烏~
/ia²¹³/ ~片
Tianjin /iɑ²¹/
Jinan /ia²¹³/
Qingdao /ia⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ia²⁴/
Xi'an /ia²¹/
Xining /ia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ia⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ia¹³/
Ürümqi /ia⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ia⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ia⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ia⁵⁵/
Kunming /ia̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /iɑ³¹/
Hefei /ia²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ia¹¹/
Pingyao /iɑ¹³/
Hohhot /ia³¹/
Wu Shanghai /o⁵³/
/ia⁵³/
Suzhou /o⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiɑ³³/
Wenzhou /o³³/
Hui Shexian /ia³¹/
/ŋa³¹/
Tunxi /ŋɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ia³³/
Xiangtan /iɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ŋɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /a⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /a⁵⁵/
Nanning /a⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /a⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /a⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /a⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /a⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /a³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /za³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ʔa/
Wang
Li
/a/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*qˤra/
English raven, crow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14196
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraː/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. crow; raven

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
鴉(karasu)

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
からす
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Compound of から (kara, caw, onomatopoeia) +‎ (su, bird?, ancient suffix appearing in certain bird names).[1] Compare the (su) in (uguisu), 杜鵑 (hototogisu).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana からす, katakana カラス, rōmaji karasu)

  1. crow, raven

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KikaiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (karasu).

KanjiEdit

(hiragana がらさー, romaji garasā, hiragana がるさー, romaji garusā)

NounEdit

(hiragana がらさー, romaji garasā, hiragana がるさー, romaji garusā)

  1. crow, raven

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune–Reischauer a, Yale a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (karasu).

KanjiEdit

(hiragana からすぃ, romaji karasi)

NounEdit

(hiragana からすぃ, romaji karasi)

  1. crow, raven

Oki-No-ErabuEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (karasu).

KanjiEdit

(hiragana がらし, romaji garashi)

NounEdit

(hiragana がらし, romaji garashi)

  1. crow, raven

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ác, nha, a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

YonaguniEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (karasu).

KanjiEdit

(hiragana がらち, romaji garachi)

NounEdit

(hiragana がらち, romaji garachi)

  1. crow, raven