TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(grass, plant) + phonetic  – a kind of plant.

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿弓人大 (TNOK), four-corner 44430, composition)

  1. sunflower
  2. measure

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1046, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31458
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1507, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3258, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+8475

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (葵), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 渠隹切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiuɪ/ /gwi/ /ɡui/ /ɡʷi/ /gwi/ /ɡwi/ /ɡjuɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kuí ‹ gjwij › /*ɡʷij/ mallow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4646 1 /*ɡʷil/ 原重渠追切依切三王韻改

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
あおい
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あおい, romaji aoi, historical hiragana あふひ)

  1. hollyhock

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana あおい, romaji Aoi)

  1. A male or female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyu) (hangeul , revised gyu, McCune-Reischauer kyu, Yale kyu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quỳ)

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