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U+529F, 功
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-529F

[U+529E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52A0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一大尸 (MKS), four-corner 14127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 146, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 328, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 365, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+529F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kroːŋ, *ɡroːŋ
kluːmʔ, *koːŋ
kluːmʔ
ŋr'oːŋ, *kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ, *koːŋ, *kuːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ, *koːŋ
kroːŋs, *koːŋs, *ɡoːŋ
kʰroːŋ
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
kʰroːŋ
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoŋ, *ɡoŋ
qʰroːŋ
qʰroːŋ, *qʰoːŋ
qʰroːŋ
ɡroːŋ
ɡroːŋʔ
ɡ·roːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ, *qʰoːŋ, *ɡoːŋ
koːŋ, *kuːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋs
koːŋs
kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋʔ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰoːŋs
qʰoːŋ
qʰoːŋʔ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ
ɡoːŋʔ
ɡoːŋʔ
koŋʔ
koŋʔ
kʰoŋ, *qʰoŋ
kʰoŋʔ, *kʰoŋs
ɡoŋ
ɡoŋ
ɡoŋ
ɡoŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːŋ): phonetic  (OC *koːŋ) + semantic  (strength).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kong - literary;
  • kang - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤoŋ/
English work, effort

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4021
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. achievement; merit; good result

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こう, rōmaji )

  1. a success, a great achievement

(hiragana いさお, rōmaji isao)

  1. Alternative form of

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana いさお, rōmaji Isao)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune-Reischauer kong)

NounEdit

(gong) (hangeul )

  1. service, credit, meritorious deed
  2. effort, labor, elaboration

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(công)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.