Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
功-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(strength)

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一大尸 (MKS), four-corner 14127, composition)

  1. achievement, merit, good result

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 146, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 328, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 365, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+529F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kəwŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gōng ‹ kuwng › /*kˤoŋ/ work, effort

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4021 0 /*koːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. a success, a great achievement

‎(hiragana いさお, romaji isao)

  1. Alternative form of

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana いさお, romaji Isao)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune-Reischauer kong)

NounEdit

‎()

  1. service, credit, meritorious deed
  2. effort, labor, elaboration

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(công)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language