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See also:
U+6DBC, 涼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6DBC

[U+6DBB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6DBD]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水卜口火 (EYRF), four-corner 30196, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 628, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17606
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1030, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1657, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6DBC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raŋ, *ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raɡ
*ɡaŋs
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋʔ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋs
*qraŋʔ
*qraŋʔ, *kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋʔ

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m/s-glak ~ m-glaŋ (cold; freeze). Cognate with (OC *sraŋ, “frost”). According to Schuessler (2007), this etymon seems to have a wider distribution: Compare Austroasiatic Kharia raŋga (cold; freeeze), Khmer រងា (rɔngiə, cold).

A derivative is probably (OC *sʰaːŋ, “cold”). A vocalic variant is (OC *raːŋʔ, *reːŋ, *reːŋʔ, “cold”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • liâng/liông - literary;
  • niû/niô͘ - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (37) (37)
    Final () (105) (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨɐŋ/ /lɨɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liɐŋ/ /liɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liɑŋ/ /liɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɨaŋ/ /lɨaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /liaŋ/ /liaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭaŋ/ /lĭaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯aŋ/ /li̯aŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liáng liàng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.raŋ/
    English cold

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 6818 6824 6826
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·raŋ/ /*ɡ·raŋs/ /*ɡ·raŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. cool; cold
    2. discouraged; disheartened
    3. forlorn
    4. heat-preventing
    5. (slang, neologism) be done for; be finished or destroyed; gone for the dogs; curtains (for someone)
      Flash平臺 [MSC, trad.]
      Flash平台 [MSC, simp.]
      Dōu sàn le ba, Flash píngtái yǐ liáng! [Pinyin]
      [Let's] all go away; Flash platform is already dead!
      作為手機系統webOS早就 [MSC, trad.]
      作为手机系统webOS早就 [MSC, simp.]
      Zuòwéi shǒujī xìtǒng de webOS zǎojiù liáng tòu le! [Pinyin]
      webOS as a cell phone OS is dead thoroughly long since!

    See alsoEdit

    • (lěng, “cold”)

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. cool, refreshing
    2. lonely, desolate

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    Kanji in this term
    りょう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    EtymologyEdit

    /rɨau//rjau//rjɔː//rjoː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC lɨɐŋ, lɨɐŋH).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana りょう, rōmaji ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

    1. cool breeze; refreshing coolness

    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana りょう, rōmaji Ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

    1. (historical) Liang, name of five of the Sixteen Kingdoms:
      1. 前涼 (Zenryō, Former Liang, 320–376 CE)
      2. 後涼 (Kōryō, Goryō, Later Liang, 386–403 CE)
      3. 南涼 (Nanryō, Southern Liang, 397–414 CE)
      4. 北涼 (Hokuryō, Northern Liang, 397–439 CE)
      5. 西涼 (Seiryō, Western Liang, 400–421 CE)
    2. a female given name

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ryang>yang) (hangeul >, revised ryang>yang, McCune–Reischauer ryang>yang, Yale lyang>yang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (lương, ghềnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.