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See also:
U+6DBC, 涼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6DBC

[U+6DBB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6DBD]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水卜口火 (EYRF), four-corner 30196, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 628, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17606
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1030, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1657, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6DBC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raŋ, *ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raɡ
*ɡaŋs
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋʔ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋs
*qraŋʔ
*qraŋʔ, *kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋʔ

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋ/ /lɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋ/ /liɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋ/ /liɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋ/ /lɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/liaŋ/ /liaŋH/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋ/ /lĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋ/ /li̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liáng liàng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljang ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.raŋ/
English cold

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 6818 6824 6826
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raŋ/ /*ɡ·raŋs/ /*ɡ·raŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. cool; cold
  2. discouraged; disheartened
  3. forlorn
  4. heat-preventing

See alsoEdit

  • (lěng, “cold”)

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. cool, refreshing
  2. lonely, desolate

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Kanji in this term
りょう
Grade: S
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

/rɨau//rjau//rjɔː//rjoː/

From Middle Chinese (MC lɨɐŋ, lɨɐŋH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana りょう, rōmaji ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. cool breeze; refreshing coolness

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana りょう, rōmaji Ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. (historical) Liang, name of five of the Sixteen Kingdoms:
    1. 前涼 (Zenryō, Former Liang, 320–376 CE)
    2. 後涼 (Kōryō, Goryō, Later Liang, 386–403 CE)
    3. 南涼 (Nanryō, Southern Liang, 397–414 CE)
    4. 北涼 (Hokuryō, Northern Liang, 397–439 CE)
    5. 西涼 (Seiryō, Western Liang, 400–421 CE)
  2. a female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ryang>yang) (hangeul >, revised ryang>yang, McCune–Reischauer ryang>yang, Yale lyang>yang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lương, ghềnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.