U+65C1, 旁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65C1

[U+65C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65C2]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 70, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜月卜竹尸 (YBYHS), four-corner 00227, composition ⿱⿳)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 482, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13637
  • Dae Jaweon: page 844, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2179, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+65C1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script
         

Probably phono-semantic (形聲) following the pronunciation of (OC *paŋ, *baŋ). The upper component has evolved significantly in time, including (Shang), (Western Zhou), or forms resembling (Spring and Autumn bronze of Wu) or (Warring States bronze inscription of Wei and proto-clerical script of Qin). In the Chu Silk Manuscript the form was much simplified. The modern form was a descendant from the clerical script.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: pángr - only used for the “radical” sense.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /pʰaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /pɑŋ⁴⁵/ ~邊兒
/pʰɑŋ⁴⁵/ 兩~
Jinan /pʰaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰaŋ²⁴/
Xining /pʰɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pʰaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /pʰaŋ²¹/
Kunming /pʰã̠¹/
Nanjing /pʰaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /pʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /bɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /bɑ̃¹³/
Hangzhou /bɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /buɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰo⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰau⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /pan¹³/
Xiangtan /bɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /pʰoŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /pʰoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɔŋ²¹/
Nanning /pʰɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰɔŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pouŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /faŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/bɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/bɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/baŋ/
Li
Rong
/bɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/bɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
páng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
páng
Middle
Chinese
‹ bang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˁaŋ/
English side; broad

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3008
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. side; beside; close by
    Synonym: 旁邊旁边 (pángbiān)
  2. other; else
  3. (linguistics) radical (of a character)
    Synonym: 偏旁 (piānpáng)
  4. widespread
  5. to assist
  6. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (bàng, “to be near to; to approach; to depend on; to rely on”).

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 旁勃.

Pronunciation 4Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 旁旁 (bēngbēng).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
つくり
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

NounEdit

(つくり) (tsukuri

  1. the right-hand component of a kanji
Coordinate termsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bang, paeng) (hangeul , , revised bang, paeng, McCune–Reischauer pang, p'aeng, Yale pang, phayng)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bàng, bừng, bầng, bường, phàng)

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