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See also:
U+9838, 頸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9838

[U+9837]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9839]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 181, +7, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一一一月金 (MMMBC), four-corner 11186, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1405, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43515
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1922, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4373, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9838

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeŋ, *ɡeŋ
*keŋʔ, *ɡeŋ
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeːŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeŋs
*ɡeŋʔ, *keːŋ
*keːŋ, *keːŋs
*keːŋ
*keːŋ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*qʰeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ, *ɡeːŋʔ
*ɡeːŋʔ, *ɡeːŋs
*ɡeːŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *keŋʔ, *ɡeŋ): phonetic  (OC *keːŋ) + semantic  (body part).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • geng2 - vernacular (can also be used in literary contexts);
  • ging2 - literary (rare).
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (30) (28)
    Final () (121) (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡiᴇŋ/ /kiᴇŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiɛŋ/ /kiɛŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiæŋ/ /kiæŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /giajŋ/ /kiajŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiɛŋ/ /kiɛŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭɛŋ/ /kĭɛŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯ɛŋ/ /ki̯ɛŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qíng jǐng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jǐng jǐng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjieng › ‹ kjiengX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-[k]eŋ/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?) /*[k]eŋʔ/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
    English neck neck

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 6789 6795
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*keŋʔ/ /*ɡeŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. neck (Classifier: c)
      / [Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 tiu4 geng2 hou2 han4. [Jyutping]  ―  My neck is itchy.
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 脖子 (“neck”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 頸項
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 頸項頸部
    Mandarin Beijing 脖子
    Taiwan 脖子
    Harbin 脖子
    Shenyang 脖子
    Hailar 脖子
    Ulan Hot 脖子
    Tongliao 脖子
    Chifeng 脖子
    Bayanhot 脖子脖頸
    Jinan 脖子
    Muping 脖子
    Luoyang 脖子
    Jiedian 脖項脖子
    Xi'an 脖項脖子
    Qingdao 脖頸子
    Zhengzhou 脖子
    Xining 脖板脖脖
    Xuzhou 脖頸子脖了頸子
    Yinchuan 脖子
    Lanzhou 脖子
    Ürümqi 脖子
    Wuhan 頸子頸框
    Chengdu 頸項脖子頸子
    Guiyang 脖頸
    Liuzhou 頸脖
    Kunming 脖子
    Yangzhou 頸項頸亢
    Nanjing 頸子脖子
    Hefei 腦頸把子
    Nantong 頸項頸亢
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Foshan
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Doumen
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang 頸柄
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Danzhou
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang 頸牯
    Hakka Meixian 頸根
    Xingning
    Huidong
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Changting
    Pingyu 頸根
    Wuping 頸根
    Liancheng 頸骨
    Ninghua
    Yudu
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou 頸根
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 頸根
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 頸根
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 頸根
    Dongshi (Dabu) 頸根
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 頸根
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang 頸根
    Huizhou Shexian 頭頸項頸
    Tunxi 頭頸
    Jixi 扣頸脰頸
    Jin Taiyuan 脖子
    Xinzhou 脖子
    Baochang 脖子
    Jining 脖頸
    Hohhot 脖子
    Baotou 脖頸
    Dongsheng 脖子
    Linhe 脖頸
    Haibowan 脖頸
    Min Bei Jian'ou 仲仲
    Min Dong Fuzhou 脰骨
    Changle 脰骨
    Fuqing 脰脖筋脰脖株
    Yongtai 脰骨
    Gutian 脰穩
    Fu'an 脰穩
    Ningde 脰穩
    Shouning 脰領
    Zhouning 脰引
    Fuding 脰穩
    Matsu 脰脖
    Min Nan Xiamen 頷頸脰項
    Quanzhou 頷胿
    Zhangzhou 頷頸頷仔
    Taipei 頷頸仔
    Kaohsiung 頷頸
    Tainan 頷胿頷頸仔頷仔頸
    Taichung 頷仔頸
    Wuqi 頷頸
    Hsinchu 頷頸
    Taitung 頷頸仔
    Lukang 頷頸
    Sanxia 頷頸
    Yilan 頷頸頷頸仔
    Kinmen 頷頸
    Magong 頷頸
    Penang 頷仔頸
    Philippines (Manila) 頷胿
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang 脰蒂根
    Haikou 脰蒂
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian 脰顱
    Xianyou 脰顱
    Pinghua Nanning
    Wu Shanghai 頭頸頭頸骨
    Suzhou 頭頸
    Hangzhou 脰頸脖子
    Wenzhou 頭頸
    Chongming 頸骨
    Danyang 頸梗
    Jinhua 項頸
    Tangxi 頭頸
    Ningbo 頭頸骨頭頸
    Xiang Changsha 頸根頸箍
    Shuangfeng 頸殼
    Xiangtan 頸筋
    Loudi 頸頜頸筋

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    trad.
    simp.

    Usually considered to be the colloquial reading of etymology 1. Wang (2016) considers the semantic narrowing from “neck” to “nape” in the limited context of _ to be implausible.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in colloquial words for the nape.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    trad.
    simp.
    variant forms

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 頷頸颔颈 and its variants.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana くび, rōmaji kubi)

    1. Alternative form of

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune–Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nghỉnh, cảnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.