KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sseuda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sseuda
McCune–Reischauer?ssŭda
Yale Romanization?ssuta

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Korean 쓰〮다〮 (Yale: ssú-tá), 스〮다〮 (Yale: sú-tá).

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 쓰〮다〮 (Yale: ssú-tá).

VerbEdit

Korean verb set
Base 쓰다 (sseuda)
Causative씌우다 (ssuiuda)
Passive쓰이다 (sseu'ida)

쓰다 (sseuda) (infinitive , sequential 쓰니) (transitive)

  1. to wear, to put on (a hat, helmet, etc., on one's head; a mask, pair of glasses, etc.)
    Synonym: 착용(着用)하다 (chagyonghada)
    모자 쓰다
    moja-reul sseuda
    to wear a hat
    안경 쓰다
    an'gyeong-eul sseuda
    to put on glasses
  2. to put up, to hold (an umbrella over one's head)
    우산 쓰다
    usan-eul sseuda
    to put up an umbrella
    양산 쓰다
    yangsan-eul sseuda
    to put up a parasol
  3. to be accused of, to be suspected of (an offence)
    Antonym: 벗다 (beotda)
    혐의 쓰다
    hyeomui-reul sseuda
    to be suspected of an offence
    누명 쓰다
    numyeong-eul sseuda
    to be falsely accused
  4. to be covered (with dust, powder, etc.)
    청소 했더니 온몸 먼지 썼다.
    Cheongso-reul haetdeoni onmom-e meonji-reul sseotda.
    After cleaning, [my] body was covered with dust.
    광부 온통 석탄 가루 썼다.
    Gwangbu-deur-eun ontong seoktan garu-reul sseotda.
    The mineworkers were covered with coal dust.
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Korean 쓰〮다〮 (Yale: ssú-tá), 스〮다〮 (Yale: sú-tá).

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 쓰〮다〮 (Yale: ssú-tá).

VerbEdit

Korean verb set
Base 쓰다 (sseuda)
Causative쓰이다 (sseu'ida)
Passive쓰이다 (sseu'ida)

쓰다 (sseuda) (infinitive , sequential 쓰니) (transitive)

  1. to write (in general)
    Synonym: 적다 (jeokda)
    연필 쓰다
    yeonpil-lo sseuda
    to write with a pencil
    영어 쓰다
    yeong'eo-ro sseuda
    to write in English
  2. to compose (a song, a piece of writing, etc.)
    소설 쓰다
    soseor-eul sseuda
    to write a novel
    노래 쓰다
    norae-reul sseuda
    to compose a song
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄡᅳ〮다〮 (Yale: psú-tá).

VerbEdit

Korean verb set
Base 쓰다 (sseuda)
Passive쓰이다 (sseu'ida)

쓰다 (sseuda) (infinitive , sequential 쓰니)

  1. (transitive) to use (in general)
    Synonyms: 사용(使用)하다 (sayonghada), 이용(利用)하다 (iyonghada)
    1. (transitive) to spend, to consume, to expend (money, time, resources, etc.)
      이런 시간 쓰고 싶지 않아.
      Ireon geo-e sigan sseugo sipji-neun ana.
      I don't want to spend my time on something like this.
      너무 많이 쓰는 같지 않아?
      Don-eul neomu mani sseuneun geot gatji ana?
      Don't you think you are spending a bit too much money?
    2. (transitive) to speak (a language, a dialect, etc.)
      영어 불어 모국어 쓴다.
      Geu-neun yeong'eo-wa bureo-reul mogugeo-ro sseunda.
      He speaks English and French as a native language.
      서울말 사투리 쓴다.
      Geu-neun seoulmal-gwa saturi-reul dul da sseunda.
      He speaks both the Seoul dialect and his [local] dialect.
    3. (transitive) to hire, to employ
      일손 부족하니 써야겠다.
      Ilson-i bujokhani han myeong deo sseoyagetda.
      Since [we] are in need of an extra hand, I will hire an extra person.
      회사 직원 다섯 쓴다.
      Geu hoesa-neun jigwon daseot myeong-eul sseunda.
      The company employs five employees.
  2. (intransitive, in questions after 어서 (-eoseo), 으면 (-eumyeon)) to be appropriate, to be right
    사람 그딴 으로 행동하 쓰나?
    Saram-i geuttan sig-euro haengdongha-myeon sseuna?
    Is it okay for somebody to act like that?
    그렇게 입버릇 고약해 쓰겠나?
    Geureoke ipbeoreus-i goyakhae-seo sseugenna?
    It's no good being foul-mouthed like that.
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄡᅳ〮다〮 (Yale: psú-tá).

AdjectiveEdit

쓰다 (sseuda) (infinitive , sequential 쓰니)

  1. to be bitter
    Antonym: 달다 (dalda, to be sweet)
    좋은 쓰다. (proverb)Mom-e joeun yag-eun sseuda.Medicine that is good for the body is bitter.
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit