CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a- +‎ baixar.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

abaixar (first-person singular present abaixo, past participle abaixat)

  1. to lower (make lower)

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese abaixar (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from a- +‎ baixo (low) +‎ -ar, from Late Latin bassus (low). Compare Portuguese abaixar and Catalan abaixar.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

abaixar (first-person singular present abaixo, first-person singular preterite abaixei, past participle abaixado)

  1. (transitive) to lower, to bow
  2. (transitive) to humble, to humiliate
  3. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to bow; to bend down; to crouch
  4. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to humble, to humiliate
  5. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to set (the moon, to sun)

ConjugationEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • abaixar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • abaixa” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • abaixar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • abaixar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • abaixar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese abaixar, from a- +‎ baixo (low) +‎ -ar, from Late Latin bassus (low).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ɐbɐjˈʃaɾ/, [ɐβɐjˈʃaɾ]
  • Hyphenation: a‧bai‧xar

VerbEdit

abaixar (first-person singular present indicative abaixo, past participle abaixado)

  1. to lower; to cause something to move downwards
    Synonyms: arriar, baixar
    Antonyms: erguer, suspender
  2. to lower; to cause something to become shorter
    Synonyms: diminuir, encolher, encurtar
    Antonyms: ampliar, amplificar, aumentar
  3. to lower; to reduce the degree, intensity, strength, etc.
    Synonym: diminuir
    Antonyms: aumentar, erguer
  4. to lower; to humble
    Synonyms: abater, aviltar, deprimir, desprezar, humilhar, reprimir
    Antonyms: engrandecer, dignificar
  5. first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of abaixar
  6. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of abaixar
  7. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of abaixar
  8. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of abaixar

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit