- (General American) enPR: ə-fōrdʹ, IPA(key): /əˈfoɹd/, /əˈfɔɹd/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /əˈfɔːd/
- (rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) IPA(key): /əˈfo(ː)ɹd/
- (non-rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) IPA(key): /əˈfoəd/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)d
- To incur, stand, or bear without serious detriment, as an act which might under other circumstances be injurious;—with an auxiliary, as can, could, might, etc.; to be able or rich enough.
- I think we can afford the extra hour it will take. We can only afford to buy a small car at the moment.
- 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314, page 0088:
- “[…] We are engaged in a great work, a treatise on our river fortifications, perhaps? But since when did army officers afford the luxury of amanuenses in this simple republic? […]”
- To offer, provide, or supply, as in selling, granting, expending, with profit, or without loss or too great injury.
- A affords his goods cheaper than B. A man can afford a sum yearly in charity.
- To give forth; to supply, yield, or produce as the natural result, fruit, or issue.
- Grapes afford wine. Olives afford oil. The earth affords fruit. The sea affords an abundant supply of fish.
- To give, grant, or confer, with a remoter reference to its being the natural result; to provide; to furnish.
- A good life affords consolation in old age.
- 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
- One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.
- 2012 April 29, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “Treehouse of Horror III” (season 4, episode 5; originally aired 10/29/1992)”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name):
- Writing a “Treehouse of Horror” segment has to be both exhilarating and daunting. It’s exhilarating because it affords writers all the freedom in the world.
- Sense 1. This is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive. See Appendix:English catenative verbs
to incur, stand, or bear
to offer, provide, or supply
to give forth; to produce as a natural result
to provide; furnish
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.