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See also: 狮子

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ChineseEdit

lion
 
child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 pm ‑ 1 am; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
trad. (獅子)
simp. (狮子)
variant forms 師子师子
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
獅子

EtymologyEdit

See (shī).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (21) (13)
Final () (17) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠiɪ/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚi/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɪ/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂji/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/ʃji/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/ʃi/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsiX › ‹ tsiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]əʔ/ /*tsəʔ/
English 1st earthly branch child; gentleman, master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11437 17857
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sri/ /*ʔslɯʔ/
Notes

NounEdit

獅子

  1. lion (Classifier: m c;  m)
  2. (Buddhism) bodhisattva

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 獅子 (“lion”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 獅子
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 獅子
Mandarin Beijing 獅子
Taiwan 獅子
Harbin 獅子
Hailar 獅子
Ulan Hot 獅子
Tongliao 獅子
Chifeng 獅子
Bayanhot 獅子
Jinan 獅子
Muping 獅子
Jiedian 獅子
Xi'an 獅子
Zhengzhou 獅子
Xining 獅子
Xuzhou 獅子
Yinchuan 獅子
Lanzhou 獅子
Ürümqi 獅子
Wuhan 獅子
Chengdu 獅子
Guiyang 獅子
Liuzhou 獅子
Yangzhou 獅子
Nanjing 獅子
Hefei 獅子
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 獅子
Cantonese Guangzhou 獅子
Hong Kong 獅子
Shunde 獅子
Foshan 獅子
Zhongshan 獅子
Dongguan 獅子
Hong Kong (Weitou) 獅子
Taishan 獅子
Doumen 獅子
Kaiping 獅子
Yangjiang 獅子
Kuala Lumpur 獅子
Ho Chi Minh City 獅子
Gan Nanchang 獅子
Lichuan 獅仔
Hakka Meixian 獅仔
Yudu 獅子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 獅仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 獅仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 獅仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 獅仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong 獅子
Senai 獅子
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 獅子
Xinzhou 獅子
Baochang 獅子
Jining 獅子
Hohhot 獅子
Baotou 獅子
Dongsheng 獅子
Linhe 獅子
Haibowan 獅子
Min Bei Jian'ou 獅子
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 獅仔
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Chaozhou
Shantou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning 獅子
Wu Shanghai 獅子
Suzhou 獅子
Hangzhou 獅子
Wenzhou 獅子
Chongming 獅子
Danyang 獅子
Jinhua 獅子
Ningbo 獅子
Xiang Changsha 獅子
Shuangfeng 獅子

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (獅子):

Proper nounEdit

獅子

  1. (astrology, astronomy) Short for 獅子座狮子座 (Shīzizuò, “Leo”).

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 獅子 (ʃˠiɪ t͡sɨX, literally lion + (diminutive suffix)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

獅子 (hiragana しし, katakana シシ, rōmaji shishi)

  1. a lion (big cat Panthera leo), regarded as king of animals
    • 1999 July 5, “レオ・ウィザード [Leo Wizard]”, in BOOSTER 3 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (くろ)いマントをはおった () (じゅつ) () (しょう) (たい) (こと) () (はな)シシ
      Kuroi manto o haotta majutsushi. Shōtai wa kotoba o hanasu shishi.
      A wizard in a black cloak who is actually a talking lion.
    • 2007 October 20, Hiroshi, Izawa; Kotaro, Yamada, “さいしゅう それぞれのみち [Final Chapter: Epilog]”, in ファイアーエムブレム 覇者の剣 [Fire Emblem: Sword of Champions], volume 5 (fiction, in Japanese), Jump Remix edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 350:
       (わか) () ()ロイ
      Wakaki Shishi Roi
      Roy, Young Lion
  2. (by extension from the "king" sense) the Buddha, a Buddha
  3. short for 獅子舞 (shishimai), a traditional Chinese lion dance
  4. short for 獅子頭 (shishigashira), the lion mask traditionally worn for the lion dance
  5. short for 除夜の獅子 (joya no shishi, New Year's lion), a person dressed in costume as for a lion dance who goes door to door begging on New Year's Eve
  6. a guardian statue commonly found outside temples and shrines, often with a komainu statue, the tradition for which is said to have come over from the Korean peninsula

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

獅子 (hiragana しし, rōmaji Shishi)

  1. the name of the lion dance 囃子 (hayashi, musical accompaniment) in various noh and kabuki plays
  2. the first piece of music played in a 伎楽 (gigaku) performance (more commonly spelled 師子)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

獅子

  1. Hán tự form of sư tử, (“lion”).