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See also: 狮子

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ChineseEdit

lion
 
child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 p.m.-1 a.m.; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
trad. (獅子)
simp. (狮子)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
獅子

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (21) (13)
Final () (17) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠiɪ/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚi/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɪ/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂji/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/ʃji/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/ʃi/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsiX › ‹ tsiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]əʔ/ /*tsəʔ/
English 1st earthly branch child; gentleman, master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11437 17857
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sri/ /*ʔslɯʔ/
Notes

NounEdit

獅子

  1. lion (Classifier: m c;  m)
  2. (Buddhism) bodhisattva

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (獅子):

Proper nounEdit

獅子

  1. (astrology, astronomy) Short for 獅子座狮子座 (Shīzizuò, “Leo”).

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 獅子 (ʃˠiɪ t͡sɨX, literally lion + (diminutive suffix)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

獅子 (hiragana しし, katakana シシ, rōmaji shishi)

  1. a lion (big cat Panthera leo), regarded as king of animals
    • 1999 July 5, “レオ・ウィザード [Leo Wizard]”, in BOOSTER 3 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (くろ)いマントをはおった () (じゅつ) () (しょう) (たい) (こと) () (はな)シシ
      Kuroi manto o haotta majutsushi. Shōtai wa kotoba o hanasu shishi.
      A wizard in a black cloak who is actually a talking lion.
    • 2007 October 20, Hiroshi, Izawa; Kotaro, Yamada, “さいしゅう それぞれのみち [Final Chapter: Epilog]”, in ファイアーエムブレム 覇者の剣 [Fire Emblem: Sword of Champions], volume 5 (fiction, in Japanese), Jump Remix edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 350:
       (わか) () ()ロイ
      Wakaki Shishi Roi
      Roy, Young Lion
  2. (by extension from the "king" sense) the Buddha, a Buddha
  3. short for 獅子舞 (shishimai), a traditional Chinese lion dance
  4. short for 獅子頭 (shishigashira), the lion mask traditionally worn for the lion dance
  5. short for 除夜の獅子 (joya no shishi, New Year's lion), a person dressed in costume as for a lion dance who goes door to door begging on New Year's Eve
  6. a guardian statue commonly found outside temples and shrines, often with a komainu statue, the tradition for which is said to have come over from the Korean peninsula

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

獅子 (hiragana しし, rōmaji Shishi)

  1. the name of the lion dance 囃子 (hayashi, musical accompaniment) in various noh and kabuki plays
  2. the first piece of music played in a 伎楽 (gigaku) performance (more commonly spelled 師子)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

獅子

  1. Hán tự form of sư tử, “lion”