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EnglishEdit

 
Petty Officer Shane Westbrook of the Royal New Zealand Navy leading the New Zealand Defence Force’s Maori Cultural Group during a commemorative service on 8 August 2015 held to mark the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Chunuk Bair which took place during World War I at Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (now Turkey)

PronunciationEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Maori mana, ultimately from Proto-Polynesian *mana.

NounEdit

mana (usually uncountable, plural manas)

  1. Power, prestige; specifically, a form of supernatural energy in Polynesian religion that inheres in things or people. [from 19th c.]
    • 1862 January 25, Thomas H. Smith, “No. 4: Second Report from T. H. Smith, Esq., R.M.”, in Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives of New Zealand. From the Seventh Day of July to the Fifteenth Day of September, 1862 both Days Inclusive. In the Twenty-sixth Day of the Reign of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. Being the Second Session of the Third Parliament of New Zealand, Wellington: Printed by W. C. Wilson for the House of Representatives, at the printing office, Shortland Crescent, Auckland, OCLC 276727197, pages 10 and 12:
      [page 10] I have the honor to report, for the information of the Government, the result of my visit to Maketu and the Lake District, and the preliminary arrangements made for introducing the new system of Government for the Natives. [] [page 12] They further required that a certain number of the old Chiefs should be liberally pensioned by the Government, and placed upon a footing of equality with European gentlemen of independent means, in consideration of their resigning their "mana" as Chiefs in favor of the new system; []
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in 16th and 17th Century England, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, OCLC 71368859; republished London: Folio Society, 2012, OCLC 805007047, page 193:
      But in popular estimation their essential virtue derived from the personal mana of the sovereign.
    • 1999, Pat Hohepa, “My Musket, My Missionary and My Mana”, in Alex Calder, Jonathan Lamb, and Bridget Orr, editors, Voyages and Beaches: Pacific Encounters, 1769–1840, Honolulu: University of Hawaiʻi Press, →ISBN, page 197:
      It can be seen, therefore, that mana is a nonvisible changing measure; it can remain static, increase, or decrease, depending on the actions or inaction of the recipient, and it can be enhanced or diminished. [] One can speak of the mana of a warrior, the mana of a woman leader, the mana of a child prodigy.
    • 2001 September, Aldo Matteucci, “Language and Diplomacy – A Practitioner's View”, in Jovan Kurbalija and Hannah Slavik, editors, Language and Diplomacy, Malta: DiploProjects, Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies, University of Malta, →ISBN, page 61:
      Among the Maori sovereignty was the result of mana—power based on hereditary rank and personal achievement. Manas could coexist and overlap, as they did in the medieval times in Europe.
    • 2012, Harold Hill, “Te Ope Whakaora, the Army that Brings Life: The Salvation Army and Māori”, in Hugh [Douglas] Morrison, Lachy Paterson, Brett Knowles, and Murray Rae, editors, Mana Māori and Christianity, Wellington: Huia Publishers, →ISBN:
      On a number of occasions in recent years apologies have been offered to Māori because of past offences to their mana and invasions of their rights as tangata whenua.
  2. (fantasy role-playing games) Magical power.
    • 2003 May 20, “Bear”, “Makes Lovely Julienne Ogres …”, in rec.games.roguelike.angband, Usenet[1], message-ID <3EC9C629.4DF117C@sonic.net>:
      [] Teleporting from an open room where there were a dozen black orcs firing bows [] landed me, low on mana and hitpoints, in a room full of gnome mages who instantly summoned four umber hulks and a xorn!
    • 2010, Ernest Adams, “Artifical Life and Puzzle Games”, in Fundamentals of Game Design, 2nd edition, Berkeley, Calif.: New Riders, →ISBN, page 580:
      Mana often grows in exponential proportion to population size, so as the population increases the player acquires vastly greater powers—a progression that god games share with spellcaster characters in role-playing games.

TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

mana (plural manas)

  1. Alternative form of mina (ancient unit of weight or currency).

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

mana (plural manas)

  1. Alternative spelling of manna.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


BassaEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

mana

  1. to swallow

ReferencesEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

mana

  1. sorry, pardon (I did not hear you)

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

mana

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of manar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of manar

CzechEdit

NounEdit

mana

  1. manna

DeclensionEdit


DenyaEdit

NounEdit

mànǎ

  1. water

Further readingEdit

  • Tanyi Eyong Mbuagbaw, The Denya Noun Class System, in the Journal of West African Languages

FinnishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

mana

  1. death, Death (personification of death)
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of mana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative mana manat
genitive manan manojen
partitive manaa manoja
illative manaan manoihin
singular plural
nominative mana manat
accusative nom. mana manat
gen. manan
genitive manan manojen
manainrare
partitive manaa manoja
inessive manassa manoissa
elative manasta manoista
illative manaan manoihin
adessive manalla manoilla
ablative manalta manoilta
allative manalle manoille
essive manana manoina
translative manaksi manoiksi
instructive manoin
abessive manatta manoitta
comitative manoineen
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

mana

  1. mana

AnagramsEdit


HadzaEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mana

  1. meat
    manako unîko
    tasty meat

HawaiianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *mana.

NounEdit

mana

  1. religious power

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

VerbEdit

mana (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative manaði, supine manað)

  1. to dare (someone to do something)
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English mana, from a Polynesian language.

NounEdit

mana n (genitive singular mana, no plural)

  1. (gaming, role playing) mana
DeclensionEdit

IndonesianEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

mana

  1. where, which

Derived termsEdit


IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

mana m (genitive singular mana, nominative plural manaí)

  1. portent, sign
  2. attitude, outlook
  3. motto

DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mana mhana not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Italiot GreekEdit

NounEdit

mana f

  1. (Italiot Dialect) mother

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

mana

  1. Rōmaji transcription of まな
  2. Rōmaji transcription of マナ

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

mānā

  1. first-person singular present active imperative of mānō

LatvianEdit

PronounEdit

mana

  1. genitive singular masculine form of mans
  2. nominative singular feminine form of mans
  3. vocative singular feminine form of mans

VerbEdit

mana

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of manīt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of manīt
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of manīt
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of manīt

MalayEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

mana

  1. where (incomplete without ke, di or dari)
  2. which (used with yang)

Usage notesEdit

Only comes in the following form di mana (at, in where), ke mana (to where) and yang mana (which one).


MaoriEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *mana.

NounEdit

mana

  1. power; mana
    2006, Joanne Barker, Sovereignty Matters, page 208:
    In 1979 a gathering of elders at the Waananga kaumatua affirmed te reo Maori “Ko te reo te mauri o te mana Maori” the language is the life principle of Maori mana.

DescendantsEdit


NeapolitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Latin manus.

NounEdit

mana f

  1. hand

Northern SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈmana/

VerbEdit

mana

  1. inflection of mannat:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. imperative connegative

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

mana f (plural manas)

  1. (colloquial, familiar) sister

QuechuaEdit

ParticleEdit

mana

  1. not
  2. no

See alsoEdit


Rapa NuiEdit

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *mana.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mána f (Cyrillic spelling ма́на)

  1. fault, defect, shortcoming
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin manna, from Ancient Greek μάννα (mánna), from Hebrew מן (mān, 'manna).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /mâna/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧na

NounEdit

mȁna f (Cyrillic spelling ма̏на)

  1. manna
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from English mana, itself from a Polynesian source.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /mâna/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧na

NounEdit

mȁna f (Cyrillic spelling ма̏на)

  1. mana
DeclensionEdit

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

mana

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of manar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of manar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of manar.

SwedishEdit

VerbEdit

mana (present manar, preterite manade, supine manat, imperative mana)

  1. to encourage or urge someone

ConjugationEdit


See alsoEdit


TagalogEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mana

  1. heirloom, inheritance, heritage

VerbEdit

mana (infinitive magmana)

  1. to inherit

TahitianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *mana.

NounEdit

mana

  1. power
  2. respect given in accordance to power

TonganEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *mana.

NounEdit

mana

  1. miracle

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic مَعْنًى (maʿnan) (plural: مَعَانٍ (maʿānin)).

NounEdit

mânâ (definite accusative manayı, plural manalar)

  1. meaning

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative mana
Definite accusative manayı
Singular Plural
Nominative mana manalar
Definite accusative manayı manaları
Dative manaya manalara
Locative manada manalarda
Ablative manadan manalardan
Genitive mananın manaların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular manam manalarım
2nd singular manan manaların
3rd singular manası manaları
1st plural manamız manalarımız
2nd plural mananız manalarınız
3rd plural manaları manaları
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular manayım manalarım
2nd singular manasın manalarsın
3rd singular mana
manadır
manalar
manalardır
1st plural manayız manalarız
2nd plural manasınız manalarsınız
3rd plural manalar manalardır

SynonymsEdit


VolapükEdit

NounEdit

mana

  1. genitive singular of man

YawaEdit

NounEdit

mana

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • Andrew Pawley, Papuan Pasts: Cultural, Linguistic and Biological Histories of Papuan-Speaking Peoples (2005)