Last modified on 9 April 2015, at 22:25

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (foot” or “to stop) +  (spear)

From the characters and . The character 戈 means spear. The character 止 means “to stop” in some times; thus, "武" is sometimes believed to denote “to stop a weapon” or “to stop violence” (止戈为武). This definition is mentioned in the Chinese history book Spring and Autumn Annals, written in 481 BC and the 1985 film No Retreat, No Surrender. But, due to it also containing the meaning “foot” in Oracle script, according to the Japanese dictionary Kanjigen (漢字源), another point is that the character 武 may therefore have originally referred to “a man on foot with a spear”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 77 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一心卜中一 (MPYLM), four-corner 13140)

  1. military
  2. martial, warlike
  3. used as a surname

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 575, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16273
  • Dae Jaweon: page 965, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1439, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6B66

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping mou5, Yale mou5)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (mjuX, military).

The goon reading of mu, so likely the initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji mu)

  1. military, martial
Usage notesEdit

Only found in compounds. Not as common as the bu reading.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (mjuX, military).

The kan'on reading of bu, so likely a re-borrowing at a later stage of Middle Chinese, or from a dialectal variation in Middle Chinese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji bu)

  1. courage, ferocity, valor
  2. military power, force of arms
  3. the act of carrying out military force: a battle, a war
  4. the way of carrying out military force: strategy, tactics, martial arts
  5. a military person: an officer, a soldier
  6. (obsolete) a unit of length, equivalent to half of a (bu, six (shaku), roughly six feet or 1.8 meters), roughly equivalent to one yard or 90 centimeters
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Ateji used in various names.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana たけし, romaji Takeshi)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu, Yale mu)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (wu3), Wade-Giles wu3)

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CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*miǒ)

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Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ )

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, )

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