See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 4 丿+9, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹木中心 (HDLP), four-corner 20901, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • (chiefly Japanese):

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 83, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 154
  • Dae Jaweon: page 166, character 40
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 40, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E58

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – climbing a tree , with the feet visible. Etymology clearer in alternative form . In this form, simplified to  +  (tree + top, feet).

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/ ~法
/ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/ ~車
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən³¹/
/t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /ʂən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ²¹/
Nanning /seŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /siŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /seŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (27)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shéng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ zying ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.ləŋ/
English ride (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1452
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljɯŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to ascend; to go up
  2. to mount; to ride
  3. to take (a form of transport)
  4. to make use of; to take advantage of
    /   ―  chéng  ―  to seize the opportunity
  5. to pursue; to attack
  6. (mathematics) to multiply
    等於十六 / 等于十六  ―  Èr chéng bā děngyú shíliù.  ―  Two times eight equals sixteen.
  7. (mathematics) multiplication
    加減 / 加减  ―  jiā jiǎn chéng chú  ―  addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
  8. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (27)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiŋH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyingH ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.ləŋ-s/
English vehicle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1458
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljɯŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Classifier for carriages drawn by four horses.
  2. history book

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Buddhism) vehicle; creed; yana

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seung, McCune-Reischauer: sŭng)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: tal, McCune-Reischauer: t'al)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thặng, thắng, thừa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

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