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U+4E58, 乘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E58

[U+4E57]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E59]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 4, 丿+9, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹木中心 (HDLP), four-corner 20901, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • (chiefly Japanese):

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 83, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 154
  • Dae Jaweon: page 166, character 40
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 40, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E58

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɦljɯŋ, *ɦljɯŋs
*ɦljɯŋ
*ɦljɯŋ
*ɦljɯŋ
*ɦljɯŋ
*ɦljɯŋs
*ɦljɯŋs

Pictogram (象形) – climbing a tree , with the feet visible. Etymology clearer in alternative form . In this form, simplified to  +  (tree + top, feet).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • 2tshen - vernacular;
  • 3zen - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/ ~法
/ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/ ~車
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən³¹/
/t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /ʂən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ²¹/
Nanning /seŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /siŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /seŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (27)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shéng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ zying ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.ləŋ/
English ride (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1452
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljɯŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to ascend; to go up
  2. to mount; to ride
  3. to take (a form of transport)
  4. to make use of; to take advantage of
    /   ―  chéng  ―  to seize the opportunity
  5. to pursue; to attack
  6. (mathematics) to multiply
    等於十六 / 等于十六  ―  Èr chéng bā děngyú shíliù.  ―  Two times eight equals sixteen.
  7. (mathematics) multiplication
    加減 / 加减  ―  jiā jiǎn chéng chú  ―  addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
  8. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note: chéng - Mainland standard for the Buddhism sense.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (27)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiŋH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shèng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyingH ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.ləŋ-s/
English vehicle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1458
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljɯŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Classifier for carriages drawn by four horses.
  2. history book
  3. (Buddhism) vehicle; creed; yana

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seung)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: seung, McCune–Reischauer: sŭng)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: tal, McCune–Reischauer: t'al)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thừa,thặng,thắng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit