See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
乘-oracle.svg 乘-bronze.svg 乘-bigseal.svg 乘-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – climbing a tree , with the feet visible. Etymology clearer in alternative form . In this form, simplified to  +  (tree + top, feet).

Han characterEdit

(radical 4 丿+9, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹木中心 (HDLP), four-corner 20901, composition)

  1. ride, ascend
  2. avail oneself of
  3. numerary adjunct (measure word) for vehicles

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • (chiefly Japanese):

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 83, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 154
  • Dae Jaweon: page 166, character 40
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 40, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E58

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/ ~法
/ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/ ~车
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən³¹/
/t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /ʂən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ²¹/
Nanning /seŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /siŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /seŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chéng ‹ zying › /*Cə.ləŋ/ ride (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1452 0 /*ɦljɯŋ/

VerbEdit

  1. to mount
  2. to ride
  3. (mathematics) to multiply
    等於十六 [MSC, trad.]
    等于十六 [MSC, simp.]
    Èr chéng bā děngyú shíliù. [Pinyin]
    Two times eight equals sixteen.
  4. to make use of, to take advantage of
    /   ―  chéng  ―  to seize the opportunity
  5. to pursue, to attack

NounEdit

  1. (mathematics) multiplication
    加減 / 加减  ―  jiā jiǎn chéng chú  ―  addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2Edit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/ ~法
/ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/ ~车
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən³¹/
/t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /ʂən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ²¹/
Nanning /seŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /siŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /seŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shèng ‹ zyingH › /*Cə.ləŋ-s/ vehicle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1458 0 /*ɦljɯŋs/

NounEdit

  1. history book

ClassifierEdit

  1. carriage drawn by four horses

Pronunciation 3Edit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/ ~法
/ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/ ~车
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən³¹/
/t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /ʂən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ²¹/
Nanning /seŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /siŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /seŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/

NounEdit

  1. (Buddhism) vehicle, creed, yana
CompoundsEdit
  • 大乘 (dàchéng, dàshèng)
  • 二乘 (èrchéng, èrshèng)
  • 上乘 (shàngchéng, shàngshèng)
  • 小乘 (xiǎochéng, xiǎoshèng)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seung, McCune-Reischauer: sŭng)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: tal, McCune-Reischauer: t'al)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thặng, thắng, thừa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

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