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ChineseEdit

 
carry; what; how; why; which
 
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
trad. (何時)
simp. (何时)

PronunciationEdit


PronounEdit

何時

  1. (literary) when; what time
    不知何時相見 [MSC, trad.]
    不知何时相见 [MSC, simp.]
    Ài, wǒ bùzhī héshí zài néng yǔ tā xiāngjiàn. [Pinyin]
    Alas, I do not know when I will see him again.

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 2
Irregular

This kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

DefinitionsEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of 何時 – see the following entry at いつ.
いつ【何時】
[pronoun]when
(This term, 何時, is a kanji spelling of いつ.)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
なん
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
yutōyomi

Compound of (nan, what) +‎ (ji, hour). The nan portion is from Old Japanese (nani, what), while the ji portion is a borrowing from Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʑɨ).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

何時 (hiragana なんじ, rōmaji nanji)

  1. what time, when
     (いま)何時 (なんじ)ですか?
    Ima nanji desu ka?
    What time is it right now?
Usage notesEdit

Nanji is often spelled in kanji. Nanji is more commonly used to mean when in terms of time of day, while itsu is more commonly used to mean when in terms of dates or days.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
なん
Grade: 2
とき > どき
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of Old Japanese elements (nan, what) +‎ (toki, time).[3][1] The toki changes to doki as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

何時 (hiragana なんどき, rōmaji nandoki)

  1. (dated) what time, when
Usage notesEdit

Use is more limited than nanji or itsu. Most commonly found in set phrase いつなんどき (itsu nandoki), comparable to English phrase “when and at what time”, but only used when expressing ignorance, never used in questions.[3]

May sound old-fashioned.[1][4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN