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ChineseEdit

 
to make into; to change into; ‑ization; to ... ‑ize; to transform
 
body; torso; person; life; status; pregnancy; (a measure word used for clothes) suit
simp. and trad.
(化身)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
化身

EtymologyEdit

Translation of Sanskrit निर्माणकाय (nirmāṇakāya, body of transformations). Tibetan equivalent is སྤྲུལ་སྐུ (sprul sku).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (32) (26)
Final () (99) (43)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠuaH/ /ɕiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷᵚaH/ /ɕin/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuaH/ /ɕjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaɨH/ /ɕin/
Li
Rong
/xuaH/ /ɕiĕn/
Wang
Li
/xwaH/ /ɕĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwaH/ /ɕi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huà shēn

NounEdit

化身

  1. (Buddhism) avatar; reincarnation
  2. (figuratively) living embodiment; reincarnation; personification
    Tā shì yī ge xiànshí shēnghuó zhōng yǒngqì de huàshēn. [Pinyin]
    He's the living embodiment of bravery.

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (化身):

VerbEdit

化身

  1. to transform into (a living embodiment of)

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
しん
Grade: 3
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 化身 (MC hˠuaH ɕiɪn, “transformation + body”), itself a translation of Sanskrit निर्माणकाय (nirmāṇakāya, body of transformations).[1]

Very rarely encountered with the reading kashin,[2] using the kan'on reading of ka for the character instead of the usual goon reading of ke. Most resources do not include the kashin reading.[1][3][4][5][6][7]

PronunciationEdit

  • Very rarely encountered with the reading kashin, which might be considered as proscribed by some.

NounEdit

化身 (hiragana けしん, rōmaji keshin)

  1. (Buddhism) one of the three trikāya: a physical incarnation of someone, such as Gautama Buddha
  2. (Buddhism, Shinto) a physical manifestation of a Buddha, bodhisattva, kami, or other divine or mystical being
  3. (figuratively) an embodiment or incarnation of something
    • Kurumada, Masami, “たたかえ!女神アテナのもとでのまき [Fight! Under Athena]”, in Saintセイントセイ [Saint Seiya], volume 2 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 30:
       () () () (おり)女神 (アテナ) () (しん)
      Kido Saori ga Atena no keshin
      Saori Kido is an incarnation of Athena⁉
  4. (drama) a ghastly apparition in kabuki or other drama

VerbEdit

化身する (hiragana けしんする, rōmaji keshin suru)

  1. to be incarnated, to be embodied

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1984, 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, “Encyclopedia Nipponica”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan., relevant entry here
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  6. 6.0 6.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  7. ^ WWWJDIC, relevant entry here

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

化身 (hwasin) (hangeul 화신)

  1. Hanja form? of 화신, “avatar, incarnation, reincarnation”.