(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)
- 身体 (shintai): body
- 身長 (shinchō): stature, one's height
- 身辺 (shinpen): one's person
- 身代 (shindai): one's fortune, one's property
- 身代わり (migawari): a stand-in, a substitute
- 身軽 (migaru): agile, nimble, light on one's feet
- 身形 (minari): one's appearance
- 身近 (mijika): close by, near; familiar
- 身元 (mimoto): identity
- 身柄 (migara): social standing
- 身分 (mibun): social position
- 身寄り (miyori): relative
- 身投げ (minage): suicide
- 身障者 (shinshōsha): disabled person
- 身の上 (mi no ue): one's circumstances, one's place in life, one's lot or fortune
- 身勝手 (migatte): selfishness
- 身の程 (mi no hodo): one's social position
- 身の回り (mi no mawari): one's accoutrements, the things about a person, one's personal belongings
- 全身 (zenshin): whole body
From Old Japanese. Cognate with 実 (mi, “seed, fruit, offspring”).
Standalone form of mu below. May derive as mu + い (i, emphatic nominative particle). See also the etymology of 神 (kami, kamu).
身 (hiragana み, rōmaji mi)
- a body; (by extension):
- the main part of something
- the blade of a sword
- one's position, one's social standing or circumstances
- meat, flesh
- wood (emphasis on the inside, as opposed to the bark)
From Old Japanese. Bound form of mi above, only found in compounds.
身 (hiragana む, rōmaji mu)
- (only in compounds) a body
From Old Japanese. Compound of 身 (mu, “body”, bound form of standalone mi) + くろ (kuro). The derivation of the kuro element is uncertain, but it might be an alteration or ancient form of 幹 (kara, “trunk, main part”).
身 (hiragana むくろ, rōmaji mukuro)
- a living body
- 720, 日本書紀 (Nihon Shoki, “Chronicles of Japan”), Volume 7, in the section on 景行天皇 (Keikō-tennō, Emperor Keikō):
- hitotonari, mukuro takaku ōki ni shite
- His personality and body were lofty and great
- a dead body, a corpse
- 14th century, 太平記 (Taiheiki):
- onkubi wa shikikawa no ue ni ochite mukuro wa naozaseru ga gotoshi
- The head fell onto the hide rug, and the corpse looked as if it were sitting straight...
- a rotten tree trunk
From Middle Chinese 身 (syin, “body, self”).
身 (hiragana しん, rōmaji shin)
- a body
Seldom used on its own. In isolation, the reading mi is much more common.