U+8EAB, 身
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8EAB

[U+8EAA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8EAC]
U+2F9D, ⾝
KANGXI RADICAL BODY

[U+2F9C]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F9E]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 158, +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹難竹 (HXH), four-corner 27400)

  1. Kangxi radical #158, .

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1237, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38034
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1709, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3807, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8EAB

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. ⿻㇒力
alternative forms 𡰬
𨊘

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Pictogram (象形): from a pictograph of a pregnant woman.

Etymology 1 edit

STEDT relates it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *sja-n ~ *sin (flesh; animal; body), but recent Old Chinese reconstructions would not support this etymology.

Because is used as a phonetic for (OC *niŋ) in excavated texts, Baxter and Sagart (2012, 2014) reconstruct the initial as nasal. This would allow for a comparison to Tibetan སྙིང (snying, heart), Japhug sni (heart) (Baxter and Sagart, 2012; Zhang, Jacques and Lai, 2019), which are from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s/k-n(j)i-k/ŋ (heart; mind; brain).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • sin - literary;
  • sian - vernacular (as classifier).
Note:
  • sing1 - Chaozhou, Shantou;
  • sêng1 - Jieyang.
  • (Leizhou)
    • Leizhou Pinyin: xieng1
    • Sinological IPA: /ɕieŋ³⁵/
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂən⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂən⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ʂən²¹/
    /sən²¹/
    Jinan /ʂẽ²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʃə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʂən²⁴/
    Xi'an /ʂẽ²¹/
    Xining /ʂə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʂə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /ʂɤŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sən⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʂə̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʂən³¹/
    Hefei /ʂən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /səŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ʂəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sen³³/
    Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /ɕian¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂən³³/
    Xiangtan /sən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sən⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /ʃen²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn⁵³/
    Nanning /sɐn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sɐn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin⁵⁵/
    /sian⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tin²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (43)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter syin
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjen/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕin/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shēn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    san1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shēn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*n̥i[ŋ]/
    English body; self

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11247
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰjin/
    Notes

    Definitions edit

    1. (anatomy) body
    2. (figurative) body; main part
    3. pregnancy
    4. oneself
    5. in person; personally
    6. I; me
    7. life; one's (entire) life
    8. social status
    9. moral character
    10. Classifier for suits of clothes.
    11. (literary or Min Nan, Puxian Min) Classifier for statues, dolls, puppets.
    12. (Min Nan) Classifier for silkworms.
    13. (Cantonese, idiomatic) Classifier for beatings.

    Synonyms edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Vietnamese: thân ()

    Etymology 2 edit

    Pronunciation edit


    Definitions edit

    1. Only used in 身毒 (Juāndú).

    Compounds edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. body
      Synonym:
    2. identity

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *muy. Cognate with (mi, seed, fruit, offspring).[1]

    Standalone form of mu below. See also the etymology of (kami, kamu).

    Compare Korean (mom, body).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    () (mi

    1. a body; (by extension):
      1. the main part of something
        1. the blade of a sword (as opposed to the handle)
        2. meat, flesh (as opposed to skin and bone)
        3. wood (as opposed to the bark)
      2. oneself
      3. one's position, one's social standing, one's circumstances
    Derived terms edit

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Bound form of mi above, only found in compounds.

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    () (mu

    1. (only in compounds) a body
    Derived terms edit

    Etymology 3 edit

    Kanji in this term
    むくろ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Compound of (mu, body, bound form of standalone mi) +‎ くろ (kuro). The derivation of the kuro element is uncertain, but it might be an alteration or ancient form of (kara, trunk, main part).[1]

    Alternative forms edit

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (むくろ) (mukuro

    1. a living body
      • 720, 日本書紀 (Nihon Shoki, “Chronicles of Japan”), Volume 7, in the section on 景行天皇 (Keikō-tennō, Emperor Keikō):
        長大
        (ひと)となり、むくろ(たか)(おお)きにして
        hitotonari, mukuro takaku ōki ni shite
        His personality and body were lofty and great
    2. a dead body, a corpse
      • 14th century, 太平記 (Taiheiki):
        御首(おんくび)敷皮(しきかは)(うえ)()ちて(むくろ)(なほ)()せるが(ごと)
        onkubi wa shikikawa no ue ni ochite mukuro wa naozaseru ga gotoshi
        The head fell onto the hide rug, and the corpse looked as if it were sitting straight...
    3. a rotten tree trunk
    Derived terms edit

    Etymology 4 edit

    Kanji in this term
    しん
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (syin, body, self).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (しん) (shin

    1. a body
    Usage notes edit

    Seldom used on its own. In isolation, the reading mi is much more common.

    Derived terms edit

    References edit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC syin). Recorded as Middle Korean (sin) (Yale: sin) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (mom sin))

    1. Hanja form? of (body).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: thân

    1. chữ Hán form of thân (torso).