U+8EAB, 身
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8EAB

[U+8EAA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8EAC]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 158 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹X竹 (HXH), four-corner 27400)

  1. Kangxi radical #158, (body).

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1237, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38034
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1709, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3807, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8EAB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰjin
*kʰriːŋ

Pictogram (象形): from a pictograph of a pregnant woman.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sin - literary;
  • sian - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂən⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʂən²¹/
/sən²¹/
Jinan /ʂẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʃə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂən²⁴/
Xi'an /ʂẽ²¹/
Xining /ʂə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʂɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂən³¹/
Hefei /ʂən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /səŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʂəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sen³³/
Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /ɕian¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən³³/
Xiangtan /sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sən⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ʃen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn⁵³/
Nanning /sɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin⁵⁵/
/sian⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕin/
Li
Rong
/ɕiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ syin ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥i[ŋ]/
English body; self

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11247
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰjin/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) body
  2. (figuratively) body; main part
  3. pregnancy
  4. oneself
  5. in person; personally
  6. I; me
  7. life; one's (entire) life
  8. social status
  9. moral character
  10. Classifier for suits of clothes.

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 身毒 (Juāndú).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. body
  2. identity

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (mi, seed, fruit, offspring).[1]

Standalone form of mu below. May derive as mu + (i, emphatic nominative particle). See also the etymology of (kami, kamu).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. a body
    By extension:
    1. the main part of something
    2. the blade of a sword
    3. oneself
    4. one's position, one's social standing or circumstances
    5. meat, flesh
    6. wood (emphasis on the inside, as opposed to the bark)

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Bound form of mi above, only found in compounds.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji mu)

  1. a body
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
むくろ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Compound of (mu, body, bound form of standalone mi) +‎ くろ(kuro). The derivation of the kuro element is uncertain, but it might be an alteration or ancient form of (kara, trunk, main part).[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana むくろ, romaji mukuro)

  1. a living body
    • 720, 日本書紀 (Nihon Shoki, “Chronicles of Japan”), Volume 7, in the section on 景行天皇 (Keikō-tennō, Emperor Keikō):
      長大
       (ひと)となり、むくろ (たか) (おお)きにして
      hitotonari, mukuro takaku ōki ni shite
      His personality and body were lofty and great
  2. a dead body, a corpse
    • 14th century, 太平記 (Taiheiki):
      御首 (おんくび)敷皮 (しきかは) (うえ) ()ちて (むくろ)尚坐 (なほざ)せるが (ごと)
      onkubi wa shikikaha no ue ni ochite mukuro wa nahozaseru ga gotoshi
      The head fell onto the hide rug, and the corpse looked as if it were sitting straight...
  3. a rotten tree trunk

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (syin, body, self).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. a body
Usage notesEdit

Seldom used on its own. In isolation, the reading mi is much more common.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sin) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.