Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic  – burn with fire 火.

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 火月大火 (FBKF), four-corner 93833, composition)

  1. burn
  2. light fire, ignite

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 682, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19394
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1094, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2235, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+71C3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiᴇn/ /ȵʑi̯ɛn/ /ȵiɛn/ /ȵiɛn/ /ȵian/ /ȵʑĭɛn/ /ȵʑjæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rán ‹ nyen › /*C.na[n]/ burn

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10759 2 /*njen/ 俗然字,轉註

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Burn, blaze, glow

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune-Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhiên, nhen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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