See also:
U+6FC1, 濁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6FC1

[U+6FC0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6FC2]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 85, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 水田中戈 (EWLI), four-corner 36127, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 654, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18440
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1064, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1758, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6FC1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rdoːɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *djoɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ta̍k - vernacular;
  • cho̍k - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (10)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠʌk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚɔk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡɔk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖaɨwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡɔk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡɔk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱɔk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zoek6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ dræwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-tˁ]rok/
English muddy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11813
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rdoːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. muddy; turbid; dirty; filthy
  2. chaotic; disorderly
  3. (of voice) deep and thick
  4. (phonetics, of consonants) voiced
  5. (Cantonese) to choke; to gag
SynonymsEdit
  • (to choke): (qiāng)

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min Nan) dirty”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. muddy

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɖˠʌk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 탁〮 (thák) (Yale: thak) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 흐릴 (heuril tak))

  1. Hanja form? of (muddy, cloudy).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: trọc, đục, rục, sộc, chọc, trạc, trọa/troạ, trộc, trậc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.