U+8D77, 起
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8D77

[U+8D76]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8D78]
起 U+2F9D7, 起
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F9D7
贛
[U+2F9D6]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𧼯
[U+2F9D8]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 
Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative forms edit

The component in the top right corner is written as according to Hong Kong and Taiwan standards and according to the writing standards of mainland China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam.

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 156, +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 土人口山 (GORU) or 土人尸山 (GOSU), four-corner 47801, composition (HT) or (GJKV))

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1215, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37048
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1683, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3476, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8D77

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𨑖
𡆡

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kʰɯʔ) : semantic + phonetic (OC *ljɯʔ, *lɯs).

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter khiX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨX/
Li
Rong
/kʰiəX/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hei2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰ(r)əʔ/
English rise (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12011
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯʔ/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. to rise; to go up; to move up
  2. to stand up; to rise
  3. to break out; to grow
  4. to start; to begin; to become; to take
  5. to initiate; to instigate; to trigger off
  6. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, Gan, Hakka, Min, Pinghua, Wu, Xiang) to construct; to build
    線路线路 [Cantonese]  ―  hei2 gan2 ge3 sin3 lou6 [Jyutping]  ―  routes currently being built
    [Cantonese, trad.]
    [Cantonese, simp.]
    ni1 dung6 lau4-2 hai6 san1 hei2 ge3. [Jyutping]
    This building is new.
  7. to prepare; to draw up; to come up with
  8. to extract; to pull out; to remove
    螺絲螺丝  ―  luósī zi  ―  screwdriver
    [Cantonese]  ―  hei2 gwat1 [Jyutping]  ―  to debone
  9. (Hokkien, Teochew) to board; to get on (a vehicle)
  10. (in /……起 structures) from
  11. particle placed after verbs to indicate upward movement; ... up
      ―    ―  to pick up; to lift
  12. particle placed after verbs to indicate the beginning of a continued action
  13. (used with or after verbs) up to a certain standard; to be able to stand or afford
  14. particle placed after verbs to indicate the involvement of a person or thing in the action
  15. Classifier for incidents and legal cases.
  16. Classifier for batches or groups.

Synonyms edit

  • (classifier for legal cases): (zōng), (zhuāng)

Compounds edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

起󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
起󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to rise, to wake up
  2. to rise, to stand up

Readings edit

Compounds edit


Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
on’yomi

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

() (ki

  1. to rise; to get up; to stand up
  2. to start; to begin; to cause; to bring about
  3. origin; cause; beginning

References edit

  1. ^ Haga, Gōtarō (1914) 漢和大辞書 (in Japanese), Fourth edition, Tōkyō: Kōbunsha, →DOI, page 2040 (paper), page 1072 (digital)

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 일어날 (ireonal gi))

  1. Hanja form? of (to rise, to wake up).

Compounds edit

Kunigami edit

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Miyako edit

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Okinawan edit

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: khởi, khỉ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yaeyama edit

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Yonaguni edit

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)