See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯŋ, *hljɯŋs): phonetic  ‎(OC *l'ɯmʔ) + semantic  ‎(strength)

Graphically, the character decomposes as  + , though this is not the etymology.

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月火手尸 (BFQS), four-corner 79227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 148, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2409
  • Dae Jaweon: page 335, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2090, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+52DD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (26) (26)
Final () (133) (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨŋ/ /ɕɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨŋ/ /ɕɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕieŋ/ /ɕieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiŋ/ /ɕiŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəŋ/ /ɕiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəŋ/ /ɕĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯əŋ/ /ɕi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng shèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēng shèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sying › ‹ syingH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥əŋ/ /*l̥əŋ-s/
English equal to, capable of overcome; surpass

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17127 17128
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯŋ/ /*hljɯŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. victory, success
  2. to beat

AntonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (win a game): かつ, かち
  2. (be superior to): まさる

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 553
  • Halpern: 1005
  • Halpern Learners: 686
  • Heisig: 1209
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4b8.4
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji -shō)

  1. wins, victories

AntonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana まさる, romaji Masaru)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seung) (hangeul , revised seung, McCune-Reischauer sŭng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thắng, sền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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