Open main menu
See also:
U+52DD, 勝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52DD

[U+52DC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52DE]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 19, +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月火手尸 (BFQS), four-corner 79227, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 148, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2409
  • Dae Jaweon: page 335, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2090, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+52DD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'ɯːs
*l'ɯmʔ
*l'ɯmʔ, *l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯmʔ, *l'ɯːŋ, *l'ɯːɡ
*l'ɯmʔ
*l'ɯnʔ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ, *l'ɯːŋs
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ, *hljɯŋs, *lɯŋs
*l'ɯːŋ
*hljɯŋ, *hljɯŋs
*hljɯŋs
*hljɯŋs
*ɦljɯŋ
*ljɯŋs, *lɯŋs
*ɦljɯŋs, *lɯŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯŋ, *hljɯŋs): phonetic  (OC *l'ɯmʔ) + semantic  (strength).

Graphically, the character decomposes as  +  (which gives rise to the simplified form ), though this is not the etymology.

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sying ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥əŋ/
English equal to, capable of

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17127
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to be able to bear; to be able to withstand
    負荷 / 负荷  ―  shēngfùhé  ―  unable to withstand the load
  2. to be equal to; to match
  3. exhaustively; entirely; completely
    不可 / 不可  ―  bùkěshēngshǔ  ―  too numerous to count
  4. Alternative form of (shēng, “unit of measure for grain volumes”).
  5. Alternative form of (shēn, “to stretch”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shèng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syingH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥əŋ-s/
English overcome; surpass

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17128
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to defeat; to win; to succeed; to be victorious
    Synonyms: (yíng)
    Antonyms: (bài)
    [MSC, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
    [MSC, simp.]
    From: The Art of War, circa 5th century BCE, translation: Lionel Giles, modified
    zhī kě yǐ zhàn yǔ bù kě yǐ zhàn zhě shèng [Pinyin]
    He will triumph who knows when to fight and when not to fight.
  2. victory; success; triumph
  3. to surpass; to prevail over; to outdo
  4. to spread; to be popular; to be employed
  5. to restrain; to check; to subdue; to bring under control
  6. annihilated; destroyed; fallen (of nation or dynasty)
  7. to bully; to place oneself over; to coerce; to subjugate
  8. wonderful; excellent; outstanding
  9. famed; of superior quality
  10. scenic spots and historical sites; scenic attraction
  11. (historical) a kind of splendid jewellery worn by ancient women
  12. (historical) axle on a loom which holds the warp

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (win a game): かつ, かち
  2. (be superior to): まさる

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 553
  • Halpern: 1005
  • Halpern Learners: 686
  • Heisig: 1209
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4b8.4
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

CounterEdit

(hiragana しょう, rōmaji -shō)

  1. wins, victories

AntonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana まさる, rōmaji Masaru)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 이길 (igil seung))

  1. Hanja form? of (to win, to beat).

KunigamiEdit

KanjiEdit


MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit


OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thắng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

YaeyamaEdit

KanjiEdit