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U+52DD, 勝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52DD

[U+52DC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52DE]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月火手尸 (BFQS), four-corner 79227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 148, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2409
  • Dae Jaweon: page 335, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2090, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+52DD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'ɯːs
*l'ɯmʔ
*l'ɯmʔ, *l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯmʔ, *l'ɯːŋ, *l'ɯːɡ
*l'ɯmʔ
*l'ɯnʔ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ, *l'ɯːŋs
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ, *hljɯŋs, *lɯŋs
*l'ɯːŋ
*hljɯŋ, *hljɯŋs
*hljɯŋs
*hljɯŋs
*ɦljɯŋ
*ljɯŋs, *lɯŋs
*ɦljɯŋs, *lɯŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯŋ, *hljɯŋs): phonetic  (OC *l'ɯmʔ) + semantic  (strength).

Graphically, the character decomposes as  + , though this is not the etymology.

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sying ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥əŋ/
English equal to, capable of

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17127
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to be able to bear; to be able to withstand
  2. to be equal to; to match
  3. exhaustively; entirely; completely
  4. Alternative form of (shēng, “unit of measure for grain volumes”).
  5. Alternative form of (shēn, “to stretch”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syingH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥əŋ-s/
English overcome; surpass

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17128
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to defeat; to win; to succeed; to be victorious
  2. victory; success; triumph
  3. to surpass; to prevail over; to outdo
  4. to spread; to be popular; to be employed
  5. to restrain; to check; to subdue; to bring under control
  6. annihilated; destroyed; fallen (of nation or dynasty)
  7. to bully; to place oneself over; to coerce; to subjugate
  8. wonderful; excellent; outstanding
  9. famed; of superior quality
  10. scenic spots and historical sites; scenic attraction
  11. (historical) a kind of splendid jewellery worn by ancient women
  12. (historical) axle on a loom which holds the warp

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (win a game): かつ, かち
  2. (be superior to): まさる

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 553
  • Halpern: 1005
  • Halpern Learners: 686
  • Heisig: 1209
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4b8.4
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

CounterEdit

(hiragana しょう, rōmaji -shō)

  1. wins, victories

AntonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana まさる, rōmaji Masaru)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seung) (hangeul , revised seung, McCune-Reischauer sŭng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thắng, sền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.