See also: 圣人

ChineseEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

 
holy; sacred; saint
holy; sacred; saint; sage
man; person; people
trad. (聖人)
simp. (圣人)



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (26) (38)
Final () (121) (43)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇŋH/ /ȵiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛŋH/ /ȵin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiæŋH/ /ȵʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiajŋH/ /ȵin/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛŋH/ /ȵiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛŋH/ /ȵʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛŋH/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shèng rén
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sing3 jan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shèng rén
Middle
Chinese
‹ syengH › ‹ nyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥eŋ-s/ /*ni[ŋ]/
English sage (n.) (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11391 10800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljeŋs/ /*njin/
Notes

NounEdit

聖人

  1. sage; wise man
  2. (Christianity) saint
  3. (archaic) the Emperor
  4. (Buddhism) enlightened individual; Buddha; bodhisattva
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

聖人

  1. (honorific) Alternative name for 孔子 (Kǒngzǐ, “Confucius”).

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (聖人):

See alsoEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

 
holy; sacred; saint
holy; sacred; saint; sage
man; person; people
trad. (聖人)
simp. (圣人)
alternative forms 聖儂圣侬


NounEdit

聖人

  1. (Min Nan, euphemistic) dead person
    聖人圣人 [Hokkien]  ―  chò siàⁿ-lâng [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to die
SynonymsEdit

JapaneseEdit

  A user suggests that this Japanese entry be cleaned up, giving the reason: “Different readings should be split out into their own etym sections.”
Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.
 聖人 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 6
じん
Grade: 1
kan’on
Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 6
にん
Grade: 1
goon

From (shō, sei, holy; sacred) +‎ (nin, jin, person), from Chinese 聖人.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(しょう)(にん) (shōninしやうにん (syaunin)?

  1. (Buddhism) a term used to refer to Buddha or a bodhisattva
  2. (Buddhism) an enlightened Buddhist

(alternative reading hiragana せいじん, rōmaji seijin)

  1. a sage; a wise man
  2. a saint; a holy man
    • 2008 July 16 [Jan 23 2008], Nakamura, Hikaru, “その3 もうひとつの楽園(パラダイス) [Chapter 3: Just Another Paradise]”, in (セイント)☆おにいさん [Saint☆Young Men], volume 1 (fiction), 6th edition, Tokyo: Kodansha:
      お客様 成人男性2名ですと8千円ですが……
      あ じゃあ その
      ——
      聖人男性2枚で……
      O-kyaku-sama seijin dansei ni-mei desu to hachisen-en desu ga……
      A jā sono——
      Seijin dansei ni-mai de……
      It would be 8,000 yen for 2 adult men(seijin), sirs……
      Oh, in that case——
      We’d like 2 holy man(seijin) tickets, please……

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
まさ
Grade: 6

Grade: 1

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Proper nounEdit

(まさ)() (Masato

  1. a male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

聖人 (seong'in) (hangeul 성인)

  1. Hanja form? of 성인 (saint; holy man).