Contents

ChineseEdit

to die; dead; death man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(死人)
alt. forms 死儂死侬 Min

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

死人

  1. dead person   (Classifier: )
    死人這不警察 [MSC, trad.]
    死人这不警察 [MSC, simp.]
    Jiē shàng tǎng zhe ge sǐrén, zhè bù jǐngchá gāng dào. [Pinyin]
    A dead person is lying on the road, and the police has just arrived.
  2. corpse   (Classifier: )
  3. (colloquial, slightly vulgar, often humorous) unpleasant person; bastard; son of a bitch   (Classifier: )
    這個死人哪裡手機 [MSC, trad.]
    这个死人哪里手机 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ zhège sǐrén sǐ dào nǎlǐ qù le, dǎ shǒujī yě bù jiē. [Pinyin]
    Where the hell have you been? Why are you not answering my calls? (said by wife)

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

死人

  1. (of a person) to die
    工廠死人 / 工厂死人  ―  Gōngchǎng lǐ yòu sǐrén la.  ―  Another person has died in the factory.
  2. (usually in exaggerations) to make people die, to be dangerous
    這樣死人 / 这样死人  ―  Zhèyàng zuò huì sǐrén de.  ―  Someone might die if you do it this way.
    東西不會死人什麼 [MSC, trad.]
    东西不会死人什么 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè dōngxi chī le yòu bùhuì sǐrén, pà shénme. [Pinyin]
    What are you afraid of? Eating this stuff won't make you die.

AdjectiveEdit

死人

  1. (Cantonese, vulgar) damn; wretched; stupid; goddamn
    死人原子筆 [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.]
    𠮶死人原子笔 [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]
    Go2 zi1 sei2 jan4 jyun4 zi2 bat1 sei2 zo2 heoi3 bin1 aa3? [Jyutping]
    Where's that goddamn pen?

SynonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

死人

  1. (analysable as (, “intensifying adverb”) + (rén, “person”)) to death; to be ... enough to make people die, an intensifying suffix; an augmented form of "adj. + 人" phrases (usually expressing frustration, discomfort, surprise)
    小孩死人 [MSC, trad.]
    小孩死人 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè bāng xiǎohái zhēn néng qì sǐ rén. [Pinyin]
    This group of kids is truly a headache.
    兒子整天琢磨怎麼女朋友心思根本學習死人 [MSC, trad.]
    儿子整天琢磨怎么女朋友心思根本学习死人 [MSC, simp.]
    Érzǐ zhěngtiān zhuómó zěnme zhuī dào nǚpéngyǒu, xīnsī gēnběn bù zài xuéxí shàng, zhēn chóu sǐ rén le. [Pinyin]
    My son is thinking about ways to pursue a girlfriend all day; his mind is just not on studying at all. It's worrying me to death.

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
にん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 死人(sijX nyin, literally die, death + person).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

死人 ‎(hiragana しにん, romaji shinin)

  1. a dead person, the dead
    (2003) Hellsing vol. 6, chapter 40 最終的な想像 5(Final Fantasy 5), page 59:
    死人 (しにん) (しゃべ)るな!
    Shinin ga shaberu na!
    The dead don't speak!
SynonymsEdit
IdiomsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
jūbakoyomi

Compound of (shi, death, dead) +‎ (hito, person).[2][1] The hito changes to bito as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

死人 ‎(hiragana しびと, romaji shibito)

  1. (rare) a dead person, the dead
Usage notesEdit

The shinin reading is more common in modern Japanese when this term is used in isolation. The shibito reading is common in certain derived compounds.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
しに
Grade: 3
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of 死に(shini, dying, death) +‎ (hito, person).[2][1] The hito changes to bito as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

死人 ‎(hiragana しにびと, romaji shinibito)

  1. (obsolete) a dead person, the dead
Usage notesEdit

The shinin reading is more common in modern Japanese.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan