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U+9686, 隆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9686

[U+9685]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9687]
U+F9DC, 隆
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9DC

[U+F9DB]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9DD]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note that there is no line above in Japanese shinjitai. A CJK compatibility ideograph (U+F9DC) exists for the kyūjitai form of which has an extra line above . Due to Han unification, the Chinese form (with line above ) and Japanese form (without line) are encoded under the same codepoint. The character 𨺓 (U+28E93) exists for the Chinese form with no line above .

Han characterEdit

(radical 170, +9, 12 strokes in Chinese, 11 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 弓中竹水一 (NLHEM), four-corner 77214, composition⿳夂一生(GHTKV) or ⿰(J))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kluːmʔ, *kluːms, *kromʔ, *kloːms
*kluːmʔ, *kluːms
*kʰluːms
*kr'oːms, *qʰloːms
*kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ, *ɡloːŋ, *ɡluːŋ
*kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ
*kruːŋs
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ
窿 *ɡ·ruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·ruːŋ): phonetic  (OC *kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ) + semantic , with 𡕒 later dropped.

EtymologyEdit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luŋ³⁵/
Harbin /luŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /luŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /luŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /luŋ²⁴/
Xining /luə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /luŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /noŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /noŋ³¹/
Guiyang /noŋ²¹/
Kunming /loŋ¹/
Nanjing /loŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /luŋ¹³/
Hohhot /lũŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /loŋ²³/
Suzhou /loŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /loŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /loŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /loŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /nən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /luŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /luŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /loŋ²¹/
Nanning /luŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /luŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lyŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lœyŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /loŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /loŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/liuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/liuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luwŋ/
Li
Rong
/liuŋ/
Wang
Li
/lĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lóng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lóng lóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljuwng › ‹ ljuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]uŋ/ /*[r]uŋ/ (< * -[u]m)
English sound of thunder high; ample; eminent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6286
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·ruːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. plentiful; abundant; magnificent
  2. deep; profound
  3. prosperous; thriving
  4. protruding; swollen; high
  5. (onomatopoeia) sound of thunder or explosion
  6. Short for 吉隆坡 (Jílóngpō).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. noble
  2. prosperous

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana たかし, rōmaji Takashi, alternative reading ゆたか, rōmaji Yutaka)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana りゅう, rōmaji Ryū)

  1. A unisex given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ryung, yung) (hangeul , , revised ryung, yung, McCune–Reischauer ryung, yung, Yale lyung, yung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(long, lung)

  1. Prosperous/Prosperity

CompoundsEdit

  1. 隆新, Village of Long Tân, Vietnam