See also: and る゚

U+308B, る


Japanese edit

Stroke order

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Syllable edit


  1. The hiragana syllable (ru). Its equivalent in katakana is (ru). It is the forty-first syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ra-gyō u-dan, row ra, section u).
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Suffix edit

(-rugodan (stem (-ri), past った (-tta))

  1. (slang) A general method to form verbs (as a godan katsuyō verb). Much less productive than 〜する (-suru, to do).
    to skip, to play hooky; to slack off, to shirk one's duties
    to Google

Etymology 3 edit

Contraction of いる (iru).

Verb edit


  1. (informal, used after the conjunctive (-te) form of a verb as てる (-teru)) the present progressive: to be doing
    to be waiting

Etymology 4 edit

See れる.

Suffix edit


  1. Classical Japanese form of れる (-reru, passive suffix)
Usage notes edit

Attaches to the 未然形 (mizenkei).

Conjugation edit

Etymology 5 edit

Regular adnominal conjugation of verbal auxiliary suffix (ri) indicating resulting state or completion of action.

Suffix edit


  1. (Classical Japanese or literary) adnominal of (-ri)
    Nemureru Mori no Bijo
    Sleeping Beauty