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See also: , , , and 𩓣
U+9808, 須
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9808

[U+9807]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9809]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 181, +3, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹一月金 (HHMBC), four-corner 21286, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1399, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43352
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1916, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4358, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9808

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
variant forms
⿰⿱分巾頁
⿰⿱分立頁
⿰⿱分豆頁

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sraʔ
*so
*so
*so
*so

Pictogram (象形):  (hair) +  (head) – a head with hair on its side – beard; whiskers — original character of (OC *so). Originally a single picture, but abstracted in the seal script into a compound.

Etymology 1Edit

“to wait”
Schuessler (2007), reconstructing the Old Chinese as *sno, suggests that it is probably a causative derivation from (OC *njo, “weak; soft”), literally “to make (time) pliant”.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/sio/
Shao
Rongfen
/sio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suə̆/
Li
Rong
/sio/
Wang
Li
/sĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sju ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]o/
English 斯須 a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13955
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*so/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. must; have to; should
  2. (alt. form , 𩓣) (Classical Chinese) to wait
  3. (alt. form ) (Classical Chinese) to need
  4. (Classical Chinese) to halt; to bring to an end
    Synonyms: (zhǐ)
  5. (Classical Chinese) to use
  6. short moment
    /   ―    ―  in an instant
  7. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“beard; whisker; antenna; feeler; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. mandatory, necessary
  2. moment, short while
  3. kanji used to transliterate Buddhist terms borrowed from Sanskrit

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Used in Old Japanese as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨su⟩ and ⟨zu⟩.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune–Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tua, tu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit