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Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形):  ‎(hair) +  ‎(head) – a head with hair on its side – whiskers. Originally a single picture (oracle, bronze), abstracted in seal script to a compound.

Han characterEdit

(radical 181 +3, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹一月金 (HHMBC), four-corner 21286, composition)

  1. must, have to, necessary
  2. moment

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1399, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43352
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1916, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4358, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9808

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/sio/
Shao
Rongfen
/sio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suə̆/
Li
Rong
/sio/
Wang
Li
/sĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sju › ‹ sju ›
Old
Chinese
/*C-[s.n]o/ /*[s]o/
English beard 斯須 a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13955
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*so/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tu, tua, dũng)

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