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See also:
U+78BC, 碼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-78BC

[U+78BB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+78BD]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 112, +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一口尸手火 (MRSQF), four-corner 11627, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 833, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24368
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1251, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2446, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+78BC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mraːʔ): semantic  (stone; rock) + phonetic  (OC *mraːʔ).

EtymologyEdit

Before Qing dynasty, the character was used in word 碼瑙码瑙 (Yupian) and 碼頭码头 (mǎtou) (Stories to Awaken the World), both originally written with ().

“gambling chip”, “chip for counting” (> “number”), “classifier for things”
Appears in Qing dynasty, also originally written with (). See () for more.
“yard”
Used in 《英吉利国舆情记略》 (1834), probably a derivation of "counting chip" sense which is used for translating English yard.
“kilometer per hour”
Probably a corruption of (mài) (mile > mile per hour > kilometer per hour).
“pixelization”
Short for 馬賽克马赛克 (mǎsàikè).
“to reply to a post for reading it later”
From English mark.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • bé/bée - colloquial;
  • má - literary;
  • bā - “yard”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/maX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/maɨX/
Li
Rong
/maX/
Wang
Li
/maX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/maX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8716
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraːʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used in 碼瑙码瑙.
  2. digit; number; code
    /   ―  hào  ―  number; code; digit
  3. (of shoes) number of size
  4. (unit of length) yard
  5. (computing) code
    /   ―  yuán  ―  source code
    二維 / 二维  ―  èrwéi  ―  QR code
    /   ―  luàn  ―  mojibake
  6. Classifier for things, matter.
  7. (colloquial) to pile up
  8. (nonstandard) kilometer per hour
  9. (Mainland China, neologism) pixelization
  10. (Mainland China, neologism) to reply to a post for reading it later

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ma) (hangeul )

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

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