LetterR.svg
R U+0052, R
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER R
Q
[U+0051]
Basic Latin S
[U+0053]
U+FF32, R
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER R

[U+FF31]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF33]

TranslingualEdit

 R (disambiguation) on Wikipedia

Alternative formsEdit

  • (archaic, rare)

EtymologyEdit

From the Etruscan letter 𐌓 (r, er), from the Ancient Greek letter Ρ (R, rho), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤓(r, reš), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁶.

LetterEdit

R (lower case r)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See alsoEdit

SymbolEdit

R

  1. (currency symbol) Rand, national currency of South Africa.
  2. (metrology) roentgen
  3. (physics) resistance (in electricity)
  4. (organic chemistry) An unspecified radical.
    Alcohols have the generic formula ROH.
  5. (genetics) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for any purine.
  6. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for arginine.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

Other representations of R:


EnglishEdit

 R (disambiguation) on Wikipedia

Etymology 1Edit

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r, plural Rs or R's)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the English alphabet, called ar and written in the Latin script.
See alsoEdit

NumberEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The ordinal number eighteenth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called ar and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2Edit

Abbreviations

 
"Elizabeth R", hand of Elizabeth II

NounEdit

R

  1. (entomology) radius
  2. (US, politics) Republican
  3. (monarchy) rex (king) or regina (queen); the initial by which a British monarch signs documents after his or her name
  4. (handbells) ring
  5. (chess) rook
  6. (baseball, cricket) runs, the statistic reporting the number of runs scored by a player
  7. (law) the Crown, the government of a monarchy (abbreviating rex (king) or regina (queen))
    R v Smith
  8. Thursday
    • 1986, Cornell University Courses of Study,[1] page 250:
      Lecs, T R 9:05; lab, M T W R or F 1:25—4:25, or M or W 7:30—10:30 p.m.
    • 2000 August, M.W. Carter, “A Comprehensive Course Timetabling and Student Scheduling System at the University of Waterloo”, in Edmund Burke and Wilhelm Erben (editors), Practice and Theory of Automated Timetabling III, Springer (2001), →ISBN, page 66:
      8:30 MWF (3 x 1 hour) [] 8:30-10 TR (2 x 1.5 hours)
    • 2007, W. Ted Mahavier, “Syllabus for Analysis” (Lamar University course syllabus), appendix II.A of Charles A. Coppin et al., The Moore Method: A Pathway to Learner-Centered Instruction, Mathematical Association of America (2009), →ISBN, page 201:
      Office Hours: MTWRF: 9:00–11:00, 1:30–3:00 or stop by my office anytime.

AdjectiveEdit

R

  1. (film certification) restricted
  2. reverse
  3. right (as opposed to left)

AfarEdit

LetterEdit

R

  1. The twelfth letter in the Afar alphabet.

See alsoEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

LetterEdit

R upper case (lower case r)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


BasqueEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Basque alphabet, called erre and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (capital, lowercase r)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: Q
  • Next letter: S

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called ro and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


EstonianEdit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called err and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


FinnishEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called är or er and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɛr/, [ʔɛʁ], [ʔɛɐ̯]
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /r/, [ʁ], [ɾ], [ɐ̯], [ː]
  • (file)

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the German alphabet.

Usage notesEdit

  • The letter R has a variety of possible realisations in contemporary German. Three positions must be distinguished:
    • Before vowels, the variation is mostly between a uvular consonant (fricative, approximant, or rarely trill) and an alveolar consonant (trill, flap, or rarely approximant). In northern, central, and south-western Germany, the alveolar pronunciation is now rare and chiefly restricted to the elderly generation of some areas. In south-eastern Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and South Tyrol, it remains more common; but even in these regions the uvular R is gaining ground and is already strongly predominant in some parts (e.g. Vienna).
    • Word-finally and before consonants, most accents may vowelise R to [ɐ̯]~[ə̯], but in different ways. Vowelisation is commonest after long vowels and /ə/, where it is also prescribed in the broadcasting standard. A majority of speakers, however, vowelise R after short vowels, too. The resulting diphthongs may be contracted and length distinctions before vowelised R may be lost. The degree to which this happens differs regionally and idiolectally.
    • Before the syllable -en /ən/, many speakers also vowelise R, though this is commonest in fast or casual speech, and consonantal realisations may be retained depending on the rhythm of the phrase as well as the formality of the context.

Related termsEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈr]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈɛrː]

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called err and written in the Latin script.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative R R-ek
accusative R-et R-eket
dative R-nek R-eknek
instrumental R-rel R-ekkel
causal-final R-ért R-ekért
translative R-ré R-ekké
terminative R-ig R-ekig
essive-formal R-ként R-ekként
essive-modal
inessive R-ben R-ekben
superessive R-en R-eken
adessive R-nél R-eknél
illative R-be R-ekbe
sublative R-re R-ekre
allative R-hez R-ekhez
elative R-ből R-ekből
delative R-ről R-ekről
ablative R-től R-ektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
R-é R-eké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
R-éi R-ekéi
Possessive forms of R
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. R-em R-jeim
2nd person sing. R-ed R-jeid
3rd person sing. R-je R-jei
1st person plural R-ünk R-jeink
2nd person plural R-etek R-jeitek
3rd person plural R-jük R-jeik

See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (lower case r)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

PronunciationEdit

  • (name of letter) IPA(key): /ˈɛr.re/
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /r/

LetterEdit

R m or f (invariable, lower case r)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Italian alphabet, called erre and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

Proper nounEdit

R

  1. Abbreviation of Romanus.
  2. Abbreviation of Rufus.

ReferencesEdit

  • R in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

LatvianEdit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

LetterEdit

 
R

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called er and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MalayEdit

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

PronunciationEdit

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [ar]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [r]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [(r)]

LetterEdit

R

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Polish alphabet, called er and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


PortugueseEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Romanian alphabet, called er, re, or and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


Skolt SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (lower case r)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


SloveneEdit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (capital, lowercase r)

  1. The 18th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by P and followed by S.

SomaliEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R upper case (lower case r)

  1. The eighth letter of the Somali alphabet, called ra and written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

  1. The eighth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by D and followed by S.

See alsoEdit


SpanishEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. the 19th letter of the Spanish alphabet

TurkishEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Turkish alphabet, called re and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called e-rờ or rờ and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Welsh alphabet, called er and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by Ph and followed by Rh.

MutationEdit

  • R cannot be mutated in Welsh.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “R”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

YorubaEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


ZuluEdit

LetterEdit

R (upper case, lower case r)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit