See also: Alba, Albà, and albă

English

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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First attested in 1821; borrowed from Occitan alba, ultimately from Latin albus (white); compare Spanish alba (dawn).

Noun

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alba (plural albas)

  1. (poetry) A type of lyrical poetry, traditionally Provençal, about lovers who must part at dawn.
Translations
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Further reading

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Etymology 2

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First attested in 1848; borrowed from Latin alba (the feminine form of albus (white)) in the now-disused species name of binomial nomenclature Rosa alba (it is now considered a hybrid and is accordingly called Rosa × alba).

Noun

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alba (plural albas)

  1. A white-flowered shrub rose of the hybrid Rosa × alba.
  2. A flower of the hybrid Rosa × alba.
Derived terms
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Further reading

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Etymology 3

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First attested in 1859; borrowed from Latin alba, the nominative plural form of album (blank tablet), whence the English album.

Noun

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alba pl

  1. (rare) plural of album

Etymology 4

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Borrowed from Ecclesiastical Latin alba (alb), from Latin alba (as in tunica alba (white tunic), vestis alba (white garment)), feminine of albus (white). Doublet of alb.

Noun

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alba (plural albas)

  1. Synonym of alb
    • 1857, Isaac F[arwell] Holton, “Montserrate and the Boqueron”, in New Granada: Twenty Months in the Andes, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, page 217:
      On a little plot of grass near the kitchen the family were spreading out a large supply of priestly vestments—albas, casullas, capas pluviales, ornamentos, parmentos, cíngulas, estolas, frontales, etc., etc., etc.
    • 1932, Theodore Komisarjevsky, The Costume of the Theatre, page 56:
      Christ, whom they meet, must wear an alba and an amictus, be barefooted, and carry a cross on the left shoulder.
    • 1979, Yearbook, Board of Publication of the Lutheran Church in America, page 494:
      Traditional styles such as cassocks and cottas, or contemporary trends in robes and collars, choir albas, skirts, caps and acolyte vestments.
    • 2000, Ivo Hlobil, Ladislav Daniel, editors, The Last Flowers of the Middle Ages: From the Gothic to the Renaissance in Moravia and Silesia, →ISBN, page 304:
      Another canon with a biretta in his hand, wearing an alba and an upper fur mucia, is kneeling to the left of the Crucifix;

Anagrams

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Asturian

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Etymology

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From Vulgar Latin *alba, from Latin albus (white).

Noun

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alba f (plural albes)

  1. dawn

Synonyms

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Catalan

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Vulgar Latin *alba, from Latin albus (white).

Noun

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alba f (plural albes)

  1. dawn
  2. (Catholicism, liturgy) the white tunic worn by priests
Alternative forms
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Etymology 2

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Noun

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alba f (plural albes)

  1. Alternative form of àlber (white poplar)

Further reading

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  • “alba” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.
  • alba”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2024
  • “alba” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Chickasaw

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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alba (alienable)

  1. a weed
  2. an uncultivated plant

Inflection

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Derived terms

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Czech

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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alba

  1. inflection of album:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Finnish

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Etymology

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From Latin alba.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈɑlbɑ/, [ˈɑ̝lbɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlbɑ
  • Syllabification(key): al‧ba

Noun

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alba

  1. An alb; a long white gown worn in various Christian ceremonies by the priest or the parishioners, especially in a confirmation by the people who are being confirmed

Declension

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Inflection of alba (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative alba albat
genitive alban albojen
partitive albaa alboja
illative albaan alboihin
singular plural
nominative alba albat
accusative nom. alba albat
gen. alban
genitive alban albojen
albain rare
partitive albaa alboja
inessive albassa alboissa
elative albasta alboista
illative albaan alboihin
adessive alballa alboilla
ablative albalta alboilta
allative alballe alboille
essive albana alboina
translative albaksi alboiksi
abessive albatta alboitta
instructive alboin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of alba (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative albani albani
accusative nom. albani albani
gen. albani
genitive albani albojeni
albaini rare
partitive albaani albojani
inessive albassani alboissani
elative albastani alboistani
illative albaani alboihini
adessive alballani alboillani
ablative albaltani alboiltani
allative alballeni alboilleni
essive albanani alboinani
translative albakseni alboikseni
abessive albattani alboittani
instructive
comitative alboineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative albasi albasi
accusative nom. albasi albasi
gen. albasi
genitive albasi albojesi
albaisi rare
partitive albaasi albojasi
inessive albassasi alboissasi
elative albastasi alboistasi
illative albaasi alboihisi
adessive alballasi alboillasi
ablative albaltasi alboiltasi
allative alballesi alboillesi
essive albanasi alboinasi
translative albaksesi alboiksesi
abessive albattasi alboittasi
instructive
comitative alboinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative albamme albamme
accusative nom. albamme albamme
gen. albamme
genitive albamme albojemme
albaimme rare
partitive albaamme albojamme
inessive albassamme alboissamme
elative albastamme alboistamme
illative albaamme alboihimme
adessive alballamme alboillamme
ablative albaltamme alboiltamme
allative alballemme alboillemme
essive albanamme alboinamme
translative albaksemme alboiksemme
abessive albattamme alboittamme
instructive
comitative alboinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative albanne albanne
accusative nom. albanne albanne
gen. albanne
genitive albanne albojenne
albainne rare
partitive albaanne albojanne
inessive albassanne alboissanne
elative albastanne alboistanne
illative albaanne alboihinne
adessive alballanne alboillanne
ablative albaltanne alboiltanne
allative alballenne alboillenne
essive albananne alboinanne
translative albaksenne alboiksenne
abessive albattanne alboittanne
instructive
comitative alboinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative albansa albansa
accusative nom. albansa albansa
gen. albansa
genitive albansa albojensa
albainsa rare
partitive albaansa albojaan
albojansa
inessive albassaan
albassansa
alboissaan
alboissansa
elative albastaan
albastansa
alboistaan
alboistansa
illative albaansa alboihinsa
adessive alballaan
alballansa
alboillaan
alboillansa
ablative albaltaan
albaltansa
alboiltaan
alboiltansa
allative alballeen
alballensa
alboilleen
alboillensa
essive albanaan
albanansa
alboinaan
alboinansa
translative albakseen
albaksensa
alboikseen
alboiksensa
abessive albattaan
albattansa
alboittaan
alboittansa
instructive
comitative alboineen
alboinensa

Further reading

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Galician

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Old Galician-Portuguese alva (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Vulgar Latin *alba, the feminine of albus (white). Cognate with Portuguese alva.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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alba f (plural albas)

  1. dawn
    Synonyms: alborada, abrente

References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “alva”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • alba” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • alba” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Icelandic

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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alba f (genitive singular ölbu, nominative plural ölbur)

  1. alb (priestly robe)

Declension

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Istriot

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Etymology

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From Vulgar Latin *alba, from Latin albus (white).

Noun

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alba f

  1. dawn

Italian

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Etymology

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From Vulgar Latin *alba, from Latin albus (white). Compare French aube.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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alba f (plural albe)

  1. dawn, daybreak, break of day
    Synonym: aurora
  2. sunrise
    Synonyms: aurora, levar del sole

Derived terms

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See also

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Anagrams

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Latin

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From albus (white).

Noun

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alba f (genitive albae); first declension

  1. a white precious stone, the pearl
  2. (VL.) dawn
Declension
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First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative alba albae
Genitive albae albārum
Dative albae albīs
Accusative albam albās
Ablative albā albīs
Vocative alba albae

References

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  • alba”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • alba in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • alba in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • alba”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective

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alba

  1. inflection of albus:
    1. nominative/vocative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Adjective

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albā

  1. ablative feminine singular of albus

Norwegian Bokmål

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Etymology

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From Latin alba (white).

Noun

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alba m (definite singular albaen, indefinite plural albaer, definite plural albaene)

  1. (Christianity) alb

References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Etymology

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From Latin alba (white).

Noun

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alba m (definite singular albaen, indefinite plural albaar or albaer, definite plural albaane or albaene)

  1. (Christianity) alb

References

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Old High German

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *albijā, from Proto-Celtic *albiyū ((upper) world; high mountain; alpine pasture), from Proto-Indo-European *albʰós (white).

Noun

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alba f

  1. alpine pasture
  2. alp

Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
alba

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Learned borrowing from Latin alba.[1] First attested in 1528[2].

Noun

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alba f

  1. (Anglicanism, Lutheranism, Roman Catholicism) alb (long white robe worn by ministers at religious ceremonies)
    Coordinate term: komża
    białe albywhite albs
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Occitan alba.[1] First attested in the 20th century[3].

Noun

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alba f

  1. (historical, poetry) alba (genre of Old Occitan lyric poetry)
Declension
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Etymology 3

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Borrowed from German Halbe. First attested in the 17th century[4].

Noun

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alba f

  1. Middle Polish form of halba
Declension
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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Mirosław Bańko, Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021) “alba”, in Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  2. ^ Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “alba”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  3. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “alba”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN
  4. ^ Teresa Sokołowska (30.07.2012) “ALBA”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]

Further reading

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Portuguese

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin albus (white).

Pronunciation

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  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈaw.bɐ/ [ˈaʊ̯.bɐ]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈaw.ba/ [ˈaʊ̯.ba]

  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -albɐ, (Brazil) -awbɐ
  • Hyphenation: al‧ba

Noun

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alba f (plural albas)

  1. dawn, daybreak
    Synonyms: alva, aurora

Romanian

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Etymology

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Definite form of albă, from Latin alba, feminine of albus. For the sense of "dawn" or "sunrise", see Vulgar Latin *alba, whence also Spanish and Italian alba, French aube, Portuguese alva.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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alba

  1. definite feminine singular nominative/accusative of alb

Noun

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alba f (plural albe)

  1. (popular) dawn, daybreak, sunrise
    Synonyms: zori, auroră, răsărit

Sicilian

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Etymology

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From Vulgar Latin *alba, from Latin albus (white).

Noun

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alba f

  1. dawn

Sidamo

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Etymology

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From Proto-Cushitic. Cognates include Gedeo አልበ (alba).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈalba/
  • Hyphenation: al‧ba

Noun

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alba m 

  1. face
  2. front
  3. living room

Usage notes

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  • A traditional Sidamo house may combine the alba with a kitchen. The other room is called the holge.

References

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  • Kazuhiro Kawachi (2007) A grammar of Sidaama (Sidamo), a Cushitic language of Ethiopia, page 33
  • Gizaw Shimelis, editor (2007), “alba”, in Sidaama-Amharic-English dictionary, Addis Ababa: Sidama Information and Culture department

Spanish

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Etymology

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From Vulgar Latin *alba, from Latin albus.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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alba f (plural albas)

  1. dawn
    Synonym: amanecer

Usage notes

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  • Feminine nouns beginning with stressed /ˈa/ like this one regularly take the singular articles el and un, usually reserved for masculine nouns.
    el alba, un alba
  • They maintain the usual feminine singular articles la and una if an adjective intervenes between the article and the noun.

Derived terms

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Adjective

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alba

  1. feminine singular of albo

Further reading

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Tagalog

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish alba, from Vulgar Latin *alba, from Latin albus.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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alba (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜎ᜔ᜊ)

  1. daybreak; dawn
    Synonyms: liwayway, bukang-liwayway, aliwayway
  2. (Christianity) alb

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Anagrams

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