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See also: Bala, bală, bála, bała, balâ, bāla, bālā, and bala'

Contents

AsturianEdit

NounEdit

bala f (plural bales)

  1. bullet

AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic бала
Roman bala
Perso-Arabic بالا

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *bāla (child), which is etymologically related to baldız (syster-in-law)[1]. Cognate with Crimean Tatar bala, Uzbek bola, etc.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [bɑˈɫɑ]
  • Hyphenation: ba‧la

NounEdit

bala (definite accusative balanı, plural balalar)

  1. child
    Synonym: uşaq
  2. young of an animal

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bāla-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French balle.

NounEdit

bala f (plural bales)

  1. bullet

ChichewaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bála class 5 (plural mabála class 6)

  1. wound, injury
  2. defect, physical problem

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English bar.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bála class 5 (plural mabála class 6)

  1. bar (establishment where alcoholic beverages can be sold)

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Bantu *-bíada.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

-bala (infinitive kubala)

  1. to bear, give forth
Derived termsEdit

Crimean TatarEdit

NounEdit

bala

  1. child
  2. foal

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

GalicianEdit

NounEdit

bala f (plural balas)

  1. bullet

IndonesianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Malay bala, from Sanskrit बल (bala).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ba.la/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧la

NounEdit

bala

  1. force, army

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Malay bala, from Arabic بَلَاء(balāʾ, misfortune).

NounEdit

bala (plural bala-bala, first-person possessive balaku, second-person possessive balamu, third-person possessive balanya)

  1. misfortune

Further readingEdit


JavaneseEdit

Other scripts
Carakan ꦧꦭ
Roman bala

EtymologyEdit

From Old Javanese bala (strength), borrowed from Sanskrit बल (bala, power, strength)

NounEdit

bala (krama-ngoko bala)

  1. (military) strength
  2. (military) army
  3. supporter
  4. friend

ReferencesEdit

  • "bala" in J. W. M. Bakker & Fr. M. Sunarwidjaja, The Giri Sonta Course for Javanese (Lexicon). Giri Sonta, Ungaran, 1964
  • "bala" in W. J. S. Poerwadarminta, Bausastra Jawa. J. B. Wolters' Uitgevers-Maatschappij N. V. Groningen, Batavia, 1939

KaraoEdit

NounEdit

bala

  1. (anatomy) lung

Keley-I KallahanEdit

NounEdit

bala

  1. (anatomy) lung

LatinEdit

VerbEdit

bālā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of bālō

ReferencesEdit


Limos KalingaEdit

NounEdit

bala

  1. hot coals

LithuanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From bãlas (white) +‎ -a. Cognate with Lithuanian bala (loamy valley without trees, swamp, depression), Proto-Slavic *bělь.

NounEdit

balà f stress pattern 2/4

  1. swamp, mire, morass

ReferencesEdit

  • Derksen, Rick (2015), “bala”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 77
  • bala in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

bala

  1. Alternative form of bale (bale)

Northern SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈpala/

VerbEdit

bala

  1. inflection of ballat:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. imperative connegative

Old JavaneseEdit

Other scripts
Carakan ꦧꦭ
Roman bala

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit बल (bala, power, strength)

NounEdit

bala

  1. strength, power
  2. troops, army, soldiers of lesser rank

ReferencesEdit

  • "bala" in P.J. Zoetmulder with the collaboration of S.O. Robson, Old Javanese-English Dictionary. 's-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff, 1982.

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

bala n

  1. strength
  2. power
  3. force
  4. army, military force

SynonymsEdit


PhuthiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-bala, from Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

VerbEdit

-bala

  1. to count

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French balle, from Middle French balle from Northern Italian balla (ball), from Lombardic *palla, *balla (ball), from Proto-Germanic *ballô (ball), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰoln- (bubble), from *bʰel- (to blow, swell, inflate).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bala f (plural balas)

  1. bullet, projectile (part of the ammunition for firearms)
  2. (Brazil) candy, sweet
  3. (Brazil, slang) ecstasy pill

SynonymsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Italian ballo, from Old High German balo.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bâla/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧la

NounEdit

bȁla f (Cyrillic spelling ба̏ла)

  1. bale, bundle, pack (bundle of goods)
  2. (regional) ball, sphere
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Of unknown origin. Possibly a Dalmatian substratum word; compare Romanian bale (slobber, saliva).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bâla/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧la

NounEdit

bȁla f (Cyrillic spelling ба̏ла)

  1. (usually in the plural) mucus, snivel
  2. (usually in the plural, informal) snot
  3. (usually in the plural) slobber
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • bala” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bala” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SothoEdit

VerbEdit

bala

  1. to read

Southern NdebeleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-bala, from Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

VerbEdit

-bala

  1. to count

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From French balle.

NounEdit

bala f (plural balas)

  1. bullet
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

bala

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of balar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of balar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of balar.

Further readingEdit


SwaziEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-bala, from Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

VerbEdit

-bala

  1. to count

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


TagalogEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish bala.

NounEdit

bala

  1. bullet

TatarEdit

UyghurEdit

RomanizationEdit

bala

  1. Latin (ULY) transcription of بالا(bala)
  2. Latin (UYY) transcription of بالا(bala)

WolofEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

bala

  1. before

XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-bala, from Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

VerbEdit

-bala

  1. to count

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived termsEdit


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-bala, from Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

VerbEdit

-bala

  1. to count
  2. to calculate

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukubala
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukubala ukungabali
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular bala -bale
Plural balani -baleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyabala, ngibala engibalayo, engibala ngibala angibali engingabali ngingabali
2nd singular uyabala, ubala obalayo, obala ubala awubali ongabali ungabali
1st plural siyabala, sibala esibalayo, esibala sibala asibali esingabali singabali
2nd plural niyabala, nibala enibalayo, enibala nibala anibali eningabali ningabali
Class 1 uyabala, ubala obalayo, obala ebala akabali ongabali engabali
Class 2 bayabala, babala ababalayo, ababala bebala ababali abangabali bengabali
Class 3 uyabala, ubala obalayo, obala ubala awubali ongabali ungabali
Class 4 iyabala, ibala ebalayo, ebala ibala ayibali engabali ingabali
Class 5 liyabala, libala elibalayo, elibala libala alibali elingabali lingabali
Class 6 ayabala, abala abalayo, abala ebala awabali angabali engabali
Class 7 siyabala, sibala esibalayo, esibala sibala asibali esingabali singabali
Class 8 ziyabala, zibala ezibalayo, ezibala zibala azibali ezingabali zingabali
Class 9 iyabala, ibala ebalayo, ebala ibala ayibali engabali ingabali
Class 10 ziyabala, zibala ezibalayo, ezibala zibala azibali ezingabali zingabali
Class 11 luyabala, lubala olubalayo, olubala lubala alubali olungabali lungabali
Class 14 buyabala, bubala obubalayo, obubala bubala abubali obungabali bungabali
Class 15 kuyabala, kubala okubalayo, okubala kubala akubali okungabali kungabali
Class 17 kuyabala, kubala okubalayo, okubala kubala akubali okungabali kungabali
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibalile, ngibalē engibalile, engibalē ngibalile, ngibalē angibalanga engingabalanga ngingabalanga
2nd singular ubalile, ubalē obalile, obalē ubalile, ubalē awubalanga ongabalanga ungabalanga
1st plural sibalile, sibalē esibalile, esibalē sibalile, sibalē asibalanga esingabalanga singabalanga
2nd plural nibalile, nibalē enibalile, enibalē nibalile, nibalē anibalanga eningabalanga ningabalanga
Class 1 ubalile, ubalē obalile, obalē ebalile, ebalē akabalanga ongabalanga engabalanga
Class 2 babalile, babalē ababalile, ababalē bebalile, bebalē ababalanga abangabalanga bengabalanga
Class 3 ubalile, ubalē obalile, obalē ubalile, ubalē awubalanga ongabalanga ungabalanga
Class 4 ibalile, ibalē ebalile, ebalē ibalile, ibalē ayibalanga engabalanga ingabalanga
Class 5 libalile, libalē elibalile, elibalē libalile, libalē alibalanga elingabalanga lingabalanga
Class 6 abalile, abalē abalile, abalē ebalile, ebalē awabalanga angabalanga engabalanga
Class 7 sibalile, sibalē esibalile, esibalē sibalile, sibalē asibalanga esingabalanga singabalanga
Class 8 zibalile, zibalē ezibalile, ezibalē zibalile, zibalē azibalanga ezingabalanga zingabalanga
Class 9 ibalile, ibalē ebalile, ebalē ibalile, ibalē ayibalanga engabalanga ingabalanga
Class 10 zibalile, zibalē ezibalile, ezibalē zibalile, zibalē azibalanga ezingabalanga zingabalanga
Class 11 lubalile, lubalē olubalile, olubalē lubalile, lubalē alubalanga olungabalanga lungabalanga
Class 14 bubalile, bubalē obubalile, obubalē bubalile, bubalē abubalanga obungabalanga bungabalanga
Class 15 kubalile, kubalē okubalile, okubalē kubalile, kubalē akubalanga okungabalanga kungabalanga
Class 17 kubalile, kubalē okubalile, okubalē kubalile, kubalē akubalanga okungabalanga kungabalanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngābala engābala ngābala angibalanga engingabalanga ngingabalanga
2nd singular wābala owābala wābala awubalanga ongabalanga ungabalanga
1st plural sābala esābala sābala asibalanga esingabalanga singabalanga
2nd plural nābala enābala nābala anibalanga eningabalanga ningabalanga
Class 1 wābala owābala ābala akabalanga ongabalanga engabalanga
Class 2 bābala abābala bābala ababalanga abangabalanga bengabalanga
Class 3 wābala owābala wābala awubalanga ongabalanga ungabalanga
Class 4 yābala eyābala yābala ayibalanga engabalanga ingabalanga
Class 5 lābala elābala lābala alibalanga elingabalanga lingabalanga
Class 6 ābala ābala ābala awabalanga angabalanga engabalanga
Class 7 sābala esābala sābala asibalanga esingabalanga singabalanga
Class 8 zābala ezābala zābala azibalanga ezingabalanga zingabalanga
Class 9 yābala eyābala yābala ayibalanga engabalanga ingabalanga
Class 10 zābala ezābala zābala azibalanga ezingabalanga zingabalanga
Class 11 lwābala olwābala lwābala alubalanga olungabalanga lungabalanga
Class 14 bābala obābala bābala abubalanga obungabalanga bungabalanga
Class 15 kwābala okwābala kwābala akubalanga okungabalanga kungabalanga
Class 17 kwābala okwābala kwābala akubalanga okungabalanga kungabalanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingabala ngingabala ngingebale ngingebale
2nd singular ungabala ungabala ungebale ungebale
1st plural singabala singabala singebale singebale
2nd plural ningabala ningabala ningebale ningebale
Class 1 angabala engabala angebale engebale
Class 2 bangabala bengabala bangebale bengebale
Class 3 ungabala ungabala ungebale ungebale
Class 4 ingabala ingabala ingebale ingebale
Class 5 lingabala lingabala lingebale lingebale
Class 6 angabala engabala angebale engebale
Class 7 singabala singabala singebale singebale
Class 8 zingabala zingabala zingebale zingebale
Class 9 ingabala ingabala ingebale ingebale
Class 10 zingabala zingabala zingebale zingebale
Class 11 lungabala lungabala lungebale lungebale
Class 14 bungabala bungabala bungebale bungebale
Class 15 kungabala kungabala kungebale kungebale
Class 17 kungabala kungabala kungebale kungebale
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizobala engizobala ngizobala angizubala engingezubala ngingezubala
2nd singular uzobala ozobala uzobala awuzubala ongezubala ungezubala
1st plural sizobala esizobala sizobala asizubala esingezubala singezubala
2nd plural nizobala enizobala nizobala anizubala eningezubala ningezubala
Class 1 uzobala ozobala ezobala akazubala ongezubala engezubala
Class 2 bazobala abazobala bezobala abazubala abangezubala bengezubala
Class 3 uzobala ozobala uzobala awuzubala ongezubala ungezubala
Class 4 izobala ezobala izobala ayizubala engezubala ingezubala
Class 5 lizobala elizobala lizobala alizubala elingezubala lingezubala
Class 6 azobala azobala ezobala awazubala angezubala engezubala
Class 7 sizobala esizobala sizobala asizubala esingezubala singezubala
Class 8 zizobala ezizobala zizobala azizubala ezingezubala zingezubala
Class 9 izobala ezobala izobala ayizubala engezubala ingezubala
Class 10 zizobala ezizobala zizobala azizubala ezingezubala zingezubala
Class 11 luzobala oluzobala luzobala aluzubala olungezubala lungezubala
Class 14 buzobala obuzobala buzobala abuzubala obungezubala bungezubala
Class 15 kuzobala okuzobala kuzobala akuzubala okungezubala kungezubala
Class 17 kuzobala okuzobala kuzobala akuzubala okungezubala kungezubala
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyobala engiyobala ngiyobala angiyubala engingeyubala ngingeyubala
2nd singular uyobala oyobala uyobala awuyubala ongeyubala ungeyubala
1st plural siyobala esiyobala siyobala asiyubala esingeyubala singeyubala
2nd plural niyobala eniyobala niyobala aniyubala eningeyubala ningeyubala
Class 1 uyobala oyobala eyobala akayubala ongeyubala engeyubala
Class 2 bayobala abayobala beyobala abayubala abangeyubala bengeyubala
Class 3 uyobala oyobala uyobala awuyubala ongeyubala ungeyubala
Class 4 iyobala eyobala iyobala ayiyubala engeyubala ingeyubala
Class 5 liyobala eliyobala liyobala aliyubala elingeyubala lingeyubala
Class 6 ayobala ayobala eyobala awayubala angeyubala engeyubala
Class 7 siyobala esiyobala siyobala asiyubala esingeyubala singeyubala
Class 8 ziyobala eziyobala ziyobala aziyubala ezingeyubala zingeyubala
Class 9 iyobala eyobala iyobala ayiyubala engeyubala ingeyubala
Class 10 ziyobala eziyobala ziyobala aziyubala ezingeyubala zingeyubala
Class 11 luyobala oluyobala luyobala aluyubala olungeyubala lungeyubala
Class 14 buyobala obuyobala buyobala abuyubala obungeyubala bungeyubala
Class 15 kuyobala okuyobala kuyobala akuyubala okungeyubala kungeyubala
Class 17 kuyobala okuyobala kuyobala akuyubala okungeyubala kungeyubala
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibale ngingabali
2nd singular ubale ungabali
1st plural sibale singabali
2nd plural nibale ningabali
Class 1 abale angabali
Class 2 babale bangabali
Class 3 ubale ungabali
Class 4 ibale ingabali
Class 5 libale lingabali
Class 6 abale angabali
Class 7 sibale singabali
Class 8 zibale zingabali
Class 9 ibale ingabali
Class 10 zibale zingabali
Class 11 lubale lungabali
Class 14 bubale bungabali
Class 15 kubale kungabali
Class 17 kubale kungabali
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngabala ngangabala, angabala, angangabala
2nd singular wabala wangabala, awabala, awangabala
1st plural sabala sangabala, asabala, asangabala
2nd plural nabala nangabala, anabala, anangabala
Class 1 wabala wangabala, akabala, akangabala
Class 2 babala bangabala, ababala, abangabala
Class 3 wabala wangabala, awabala, awangabala
Class 4 yabala yangabala, ayabala, ayangabala
Class 5 labala langabala, alabala, alangabala
Class 6 abala angabala, awabala, awangabala
Class 7 sabala sangabala, asabala, asangabala
Class 8 zabala zangabala, azabala, azangabala
Class 9 yabala yangabala, ayabala, ayangabala
Class 10 zabala zangabala, azabala, azangabala
Class 11 lwabala lwangabala, alwabala, alwangabala
Class 14 babala bangabala, ababala, abangabala
Class 15 kwabala kwangabala, akwabala, akwangabala
Class 17 kwabala kwangabala, akwabala, akwangabala

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit