From Middle English asshe, from Old English æsce, from Proto-Germanic *askǭ (compare West Frisian jiske, Dutch as, Low German Asch, German Asche, Danish aske, Swedish aska, Norwegian ask), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eHs-; see it for cognates.
ash (countable and uncountable, plural ashes)
- The solid remains of a fire.
- The audience was more captivated by the growing ash at the end of his cigarette than by his words.
- Ash from a fireplace can restore minerals to your garden's soil.
- Ashes from the fire floated over the street.
- Ash from the fire floated over the street.
- (chemistry) The nonaqueous remains of a material subjected to any complete oxidation process.
- Fine particles from a volcano, volcanic ash.
- (in the plural) Human (or animal) remains after cremation.
- The urn containing his ashes was eventually removed to a closet.
- (figuratively) What remains after a catastrophe.
2010 May 6, Jean-Claude Laguerre, “Haiti Will Rise From the Ashes”, in The Epoch Times:
- Now, it's Haiti that needs help to rebuild and rise from the ashes [of an earthquake].
- A gray colour, like that of ash.
terms derived from ash (noun)
solid remains of a fire
- Abaza: хъва (qvā)
- Abkhaz: аццышә (āccəš°)
- Adyghe: яжьэ (jāž̍ă)
- Albanian: hi (sq) m
- Amharic: አመድ (ʾämäd)
- Arabic: رَمَاد m (ramād), سَكَن m (sakan)
- Armenian: մոխիր (hy) (moxir)
- Aromanian: cinushi f, cinushe f
- Asturian: ceniza f
- Avar: мухӏур (muḥur), рахъу (raq̄u)
- Azerbaijani: kül (az)
- Bakung: abu
- Bashkir: көл (köl)
- Basque: errauts (eu)
- Baure: po'ip
- Belarusian: по́пел m (pópjel)
- Bengali: ছাই (chai)
- Breton: ludu (br) m
- Buginese: awu
- Bulgarian: пе́пел (bg) f (pépel)
- Burmese: ပြာ (my) (pra)
- Casiguran Dumagat Agta: abu
- Catalan: cendra f, (Algherese) cendre
- Cebuano: abu
- Central Melanau: dabou
- Chamicuro: kajchijpe
- Chamorro: apu
- Chechen: чим (čim)
- Mandarin: 灰 (zh) (huī)
- Chuvash: кӗл (kĕl)
- Czech: popel (cs) m
- Dalmatian: canaisa f
- Danish: aske (da) c
- Dargwa: палда (palda)
- Dutch: as (nl) f, asse f
- Esperanto: cindro
- Estonian: tuhk (et)
- Faroese: øska
- Finnish: tuhka (fi)
- Franco-Provençal: cindra
- French: cendre (fr) f
- Friulian: cinise f
- Galician: cinza (gl) f, cinsa f
- Gallurese: chixina, cinus
- Georgian: ნაცარი (nacari), ფერფლი (perpli)
- German: Asche (de) f
- Gothic: 𐌰𐌶𐌲𐍉 f (azgō)
- Greek: στάχτη (el) f (stáchti), τέφρα (el) f (téfra)
- Greenlandic: arsat
- Hawaiian: lehu
- Hebrew: אֵפֶר (he) m (éfer)
- Hindi: राख (hi) f (rākh)
- Hungarian: hamu (hu)
- Iban: abu, amau
- Icelandic: aska (is) f
- Ido: cindro (io)
- Ilocano: dapo
- Indonesian: abu (id)
- Ingush: чил (čil)
- Interlingua: please add this translation if you can
- Irish: luaith f
- Italian: cenere (it) f
- Japanese: 灰 (ja) (はい, hai)
- Javanese: awu
- Kabardian: сахуэ (sāx°ă)
- Kanakanabu: abu
- Kapampangan: abu
- Karachay-Balkar: кюл
- Kazakh: күл (kk) (kül)
- Khmer: កំញម (km) (kɑmñɑɑm)
- Kiput: abew
- Korean: 재 (ko) (jae)
- Kumyk: кюл
- Kurmanji: xwelî (ku) f
- Sorani: خۆڵهمێش (xollemésh)
- Kyrgyz: күл (ky) (kül)
- Lak: лах (laχ)
- Lao: ເທົ່າ (thao)
- Latgalian: palni m pl
- Latin: cinis m
- Latvian: pelni m pl
- Lezgi: руьхъ (rüq)
- Ligurian: please add this translation if you can
- Lithuanian: pelenai (lt) m pl
- Luhya: likokhe
- Luxembourgish: Äsch f
- Macedonian: пе́пел f (pépel)
- Malagasy: lavènona (mg)
- Malay: abu (ms), debu, duli, lebu
- Jawi: ابو, دبو, دولي, لبو
- Maltese: irmied m
- Maori: pokorehu, pungarehu
- Megleno-Romanian: tšănuşă f
- Mongolian: үнс (mn) (üns), нурам (mn) (nuram)
- Mwani: rivu
- Navajo: łeeshchʼih
- Norman: chendre f (Jersey, Guernsey)
- Bokmål: aske (no) m, f
- Nynorsk: oske f
- Novial: please add this translation if you can
- Old East Slavic: попелъ m (popelŭ), пепелъ m (pepelŭ)
- Old English: æsce f
- Oriya: please add this translation if you can
- Ossetian: ӕртхутӕг (ærtxutæg)
- Pashto: please add this translation if you can
- Persian: خاکستر (fa) (xâkestar)
- Pitjantjatjara: unu
- Polish: popiół (pl) m
- Portuguese: cinzas (pt) f pl
- Punjabi: please add this translation if you can
- Quechua: uchpa
- Rapa Nui: ikuvera
- Romanian: cenușă (ro) f, scrum (ro) m
- Romansch: tschendra f
- Russian: пе́пел (ru) m (pépel), зола́ (ru) f (zolá)
- Saanich: K̵OYEĆ
- Sanskrit: भस्म (sa) m (bhasma)
- Campidanese: cinixu
- Logudorese: chixina
- Sassarese: chixina, chisgina
- Scottish Gaelic: luath f, luaithre f
- Cyrillic: пепео m
- Roman: pepeo (sh) m
- Sicilian: cìnniri (scn)
- Sinhalese: අළු (si) (aḷu)
- Slovak: popol (sk) m
- Slovene: pepel (sl) m
- Lower Sorbian: popjeł m
- Spanish: ceniza (es) f
- Sundanese: lebu
- Svan: ქა̈მ (käm)
- Swahili: majivu (sw)
- Swedish: aska (sv) c
- Tabasaran: рюкъ (rjuq̄)
- Tagalog: abo (tl)
- Tajik: хокистар (tg) (xokistar)
- Tamil: சாம்பல் (ta) (cāmpal)
- Tat: хокистэр
- Tatar: көл (tt) (köl)
- Telugu: బూడిద (te) (būḍida)
- Thai: เถ้า (th) (tâo)
- Tibetan: གོ་ཐལ (go thal)
- Turkish: kül (tr)
- Turkmen: kül
- Udmurt: пень (penʹ)
- Ukrainian: по́піл m (pópil), зола́ f (zolá)
- Urdu: راکھ f (rākh)
- Uyghur: كۈل (kül)
- Uzbek: kul (uz)
- Venetian: sènare, sènere
- Vietnamese: tro (vi)
- Vilamovian: oś f, oš f
- Volapük: please add this translation if you can
- Walloon: cinde (wa) f
- Warlpiri: puna
- Welsh: lludw (cy) m
- West Frisian: jiske
- Yiddish: אַש n (ash)
- Zhuang: daeuh
- Zulu: umlotha class 3
ash (third-person singular simple present ashes, present participle ashing, simple past and past participle ashed)
- (chemistry) To reduce to a residue of ash. See ashing.
- 1919, Harry Gordon, Total Soluble and Insoluble Ash in Leather, published in the Journal of the American Leather Chemists Association, W. K. Alsop and W. A. Fox, eds, volume XIV, number 1, on page 253
- I dried the extracted leather very slowly on the steam bath […] until the substance was dry enough to ash. […] I think that the discrepancy in the percentages of "total ash" by method No. 2 and No. 6 is due to this excessive heat required to ash the leather […]
- 1981, Hans Weill, Margaret Turner-Warwick, and Claude Lenfant, eds, Occupational Lung Diseases: Research Approaches and Methods, Lung Biology in Health and disease, volume 18, page 203
- The inorganic material left after ashing lung tissue specimens not only contains inhaled particles but also very large quantities of inorganic residue derived from the tissue itself.
- 1989?, Annals of Botany, volume 64, issues 4-6, page 397
- Ash and silica contents of the plant material were determined by classical gravimetric techniques. Tissue samples were ashed in platinum crucibles at about 500 °C, and the ash was treated repeatedly with 6 N hydrochloric acid to remove other mineral impurities.
- 2010, S. Suzanne Nielsen, ed, Food Analysis, fourth edition, ↑ISBN, Chapter 12, "Traditional Methods for Mineral Analysis", page 213
- A 10-g food sample was dried, then ashed, and analyzed for salt (NaCl) content by the Mohr titration method (AgNO3 + Cl → AgCl). The weight of the dried sample was 2g, and the ashed sample weight was 0.5g.
- To hit the end off of a burning cigar or cigarette.
- (obsolete, mostly used in the past tense) To cover newly-sown fields of crops with ashes.
- 1847, H., Ashes on Corn.---An Experiment, published in the Genesee Farmer, volume 8, page 281
- Last spring, after I planted, I took what ashes I have saved during the last year, and put on my corn […] . On harvesting I cut up the two rows which were not ashed (or twenty rods of them,) and set them apart from the others in stouts; and then I cut up two rows of the same length, on each side, which had been ashed, […]
- 1849, in a lettre to James Higgins, published in 1850 in The American Farmer, volume V, number 7, pages 227-8
- After the corn was planted, upon acre A, I spread broadcast one hundred bushels of lime, (cost $3) and fifty bushels of ashes, (cost $6.) […] The extra crop of the combination over the limed acre or ashed, was paid by the increased crop, […]
From Middle English asshe, from Old English æsc, from Proto-Germanic *askaz, *askiz (compare West Frisian esk, Dutch es, German Esche, Danish/Swedish ask), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃osk- (compare Welsh onnen, Latin ornus (“wild mountain ash”), Lithuanian úosis, Russian я́сень (jásenʹ), Albanian ah (“beech”), Ancient Greek ὀξύα (oxúa, “beech”), Old Armenian հացի (hacʿi)).
ash (countable and uncountable, plural ashes)
- (countable, uncountable) A shade tree of the genus Fraxinus.
- The ash trees are dying off due to emerald ash borer.
- The woods planted in ash will see a different mix of species.
- (uncountable) The wood of this tree.
- The traditional name for the ae ligature (æ), as used in Old English.
terms derived from ash (tree)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked