See also: Bate, baté, bâté, bâte, and bäte

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Aphetic form of abate.

VerbEdit

bate (third-person singular simple present bates, present participle bating, simple past and past participle bated)

  1. (transitive) To reduce the force of something; to abate.
  2. (transitive) To restrain, usually with the sense of being in anticipation
  3. (transitive, sometimes figuratively) To cut off, remove, take away.
    • 1674, [Richard Allestree], “Of Positiveness”, in The Government of the Tongue. [], Oxford, Oxfordshire: At the Theater, OCLC 1204546880, page 197:
      Nay, if he be of a proud humour, [] he will not Bate an Ace of abſolute certainty, but however doubtful or improbable the thing is, coming f[r]om him it muſt go for an indiſputable truth.
  4. (archaic, transitive) To leave out, except, bar.
  5. To waste away.
  6. To deprive of.
    • a. 1634, George Herbert, “The Church Porch”, in Alexander B[alloch] Grosart, editor, The Complete Works in Verse and Prose of George Herbert. [] (The Fuller Worthies’ Library), volume I (Verse), London: [] [Robson and Sons] for private circulation, published 1874, OCLC 2551162, page 20:
      When baseness is exalted, do not bate / The place its honour for the person's sake; []
  7. To lessen by retrenching, deducting, or reducing; to abate; to beat down; to lower.
    • 1691, [John Locke], Some Considerations of the Consequences of the Lowering of Interest, and Raising the Value of Money. [], London: [] Awnsham and John Churchill, [], published 1692, OCLC 933799310, page 113:
      [W]hen the Landholder's Rent falls, he muſt either bate the Labourer's Wages, or not imploy, or not pay him; which either way makes him feel the want of Money.
  8. To allow by way of abatement or deduction.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 1897 Universal Dictionary of the English Language, Robert Hunter and Charles Morris (editors), volume 1, page 459.

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

bate (uncountable)

  1. Strife; contention.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

bate (third-person singular simple present bates, present participle bating, simple past and past participle bated)

  1. (intransitive) To contend or strive with blows or arguments.
  2. (intransitive, falconry) Of a falcon: To flap the wings vigorously; to bait.
    • 1600, Francis Bacon, letter to Queen Elizabeth, upon the sending of a new-year's gift
      I am like a hawk , that bates , when I see occasion of service , but cannot fly because I am tied to another's fist
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • (to contend or strive with blows or arguments): bait.

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Swedish beta (maceration, tanning).

NounEdit

bate (plural bates)

  1. An alkaline lye which neutralizes the effect of the previous application of lime, and makes hides supple in the process of tanning.
    • 1888, Popular Science (volume 34, number 10, page 287)
      The process of unliming hides and skins in tanning has been a slow and disgusting one, consisting in soaking the skins in a bath of manure in water, called bate.
  2. A vat which contains this liquid.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

bate (third-person singular simple present bates, present participle bating, simple past and past participle bated)

  1. (transitive) To soak leather so as to remove chemicals used in tanning; to steep in bate.
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 1897 Universal Dictionary of the English Language, Robert Hunter and Charles Morris (editors), volume 1, page 459.

Etymology 4Edit

Formed by analogy with eatate or other Class 5 strong verbs (compare gave, obsolete spake, etc.), with which it shares an analogous past participle (eatenbeaten).

VerbEdit

bate

  1. (obsolete or nonstandard) simple past tense of beat; = beat.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Clipping of masturbate.

VerbEdit

bate (third-person singular simple present bates, present participle bating, simple past and past participle bated)

  1. (intransitive, slang) To masturbate.
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AsturianEdit

NounEdit

bate m (plural bates)

  1. bat (club)

CrowEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

bate

  1. male-bodied person who dresses and lives as a woman

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bate

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of baten

NounEdit

bate

  1. (archaic) Dative singular form of baat

AnagramsEdit


GaroEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative formsEdit

PostpositionEdit

bate

  1. (follows dative case -na) more than
    angna bate dal·a
    bigger than me

Khumi ChinEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bate

  1. swelling

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • K. E. Herr (2011) The phonological interpretation of minor syllables, applied to Lemi Chin[1], Payap University, page 74

KitanemukEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uto-Aztecan *pa. Cognate with Serrano bate.

NounEdit

bāte

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • Kroeber, Shoshonean Dialects of California, in University of California Publications: American archaeology and ethnology, volume 4, page 81

LatinEdit

NounEdit

bate

  1. vocative singular of batus

LinduEdit

NounEdit

bate

  1. gravestone

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

bate

  1. Alternative form of bot (boat)

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

bate

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of bater
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of bater

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin battere, variant of Latin battuere, present active infinitive of battuō (beat).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

a bate (third-person singular present bate, past participle bătut3rd conj.

  1. to beat
  2. to defeat
  3. to strike, hit, punch

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

NounEdit

bate

  1. vocative singular of bat

SerranoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uto-Aztecan *pa.

NounEdit

bāte

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • Kroeber, Shoshonean Dialects of California, in University of California Publications: American archaeology and ethnology, volume 4, page 81

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbate/, [ˈba.t̪e]

Etymology 1Edit

From English bat.

NounEdit

bate m (plural bates)

  1. (sports) bat

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

bate m (plural bates)

  1. (Honduras, slang) reefer, joint (a marijuana cigarette)
    Synonyms: canuto, (Honduras) carruco, (Honduras) leño, porro, (Chile) pito

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

bate

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of batir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of batir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of batir.

Further readingEdit


WalloonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French batre, from Late Latin battō, battere, alternative form of Latin battuō, battuere (beat, pound; fight).

VerbEdit

bate

  1. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to fight