See also: Faoi


Alternative formsEdit


A generalization of the third-person masculine singular inflected form, from Old Irish foí, the third-person masculine singular inflected form of fo (under), from Proto-Celtic *uɸo, from Proto-Indo-European *upo. Compare Ancient Greek ὑπό (hupó), Middle Welsh go. During the Early Modern Irish period, this preposition began to take over the meaning of Old Irish imm (around, about) (modern um), which had variant forms ma and lenited fa, bha that were probably conflated with faoi.[1][2]



faoi (plus dative, triggers lenition)

  1. (standard, Connacht, Ulster) under
    • 2015, Proinsias Mac a' Bhaird, transl.; Maura McHugh, editor, Amhrán na Mara (fiction, paperback), Kilkenny, County Kilkenny; Howth, Dublin: Cartoon Saloon; Coiscéim, translation of Song of the Sea by Will Collins, →ISBN, page 1:
      Thuas i dteach an tsolais, faoi réaltaí geala, canann Bronach Amhrán na Mara dá mac Ben atá cúig bliana d'aois.
      Up in the lighthouse, under twinkling stars, Bronach sings the Song of the Sea to her five-year-old son, Ben.
  2. (standard, Connacht) about, concerning
  3. around, about
    Cuir faoi do choim é.
    Put it around your waist.
    Chuir mé gad faoi mhuineál an chapaill.
    I put a halter around the horse's neck.
  4. times, multiplied by
    a trí faoi a hochtthree times eight
    faoi dhótwice, two times

Usage notesEdit

  • The standard Irish and Connacht form faoi (Munster ) means both under and about. In Ulster, these two meanings are split: faoi means under, while means about.


Derived termsEdit

See also Category:Irish phrasal verbs with particle (faoi)


faoi (emphatic faoisean)

  1. third-person singular masculine of faoi


  1. ^ Damian McManus (1994), chapter IV, in K. McCone, D. McManus, C. Ó Háinle, N. Williams, L. Breatnach, editors, Stair na Gaeilge: in ómós do P[h]ádraig Ó Fiannachta (in Irish), Maynooth: Roinn na Sean-Ghaeilge, Coláiste Phádraig, →ISBN, (7), page 438: “Is dócha gurb é tionchar an réamhfhocail fa 'faoi' faoi dear na foirmeacha ma, bha, fa de um (TD lxxii).”
  2. ^ Eleanor Knott (1922-26) The Bardic poems of Tadhg Dall Ó hUiginn (1550—1591), volume 1, Lúndain, page lxxii

Further readingEdit