HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem of unknown origin as the verb bont +‎ -lik (frequentative-reflexive suffix).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bomlik

  1. (intransitive, of clothes, woven or knotted material) to become unstitched, to start to open
    Synonyms: szétnyílik, feslik, foszlik, lazul, kioldódik
  2. (intransitive) to break up (to separate into its components; to disintegrate or come apart)
    Synonym: szétválik
  3. (intransitive) to decompose, decay
    Synonyms: oszlik, porlad
  4. (intransitive, figurative) to break up, disintegrate (e.g. the order, discipline, unity of an organization)
    Synonym: lazul
  5. (intransitive, informal, often derogatory) to be crazy about someone or something (followed by után or -ért)
    Synonym: bolondul
  6. (intransitive, figurative) to go wild, to behave boisterously, excessively
    Synonyms: bolondozik, vadul

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

This verb is called a pseudo-ik verb, as its -ik ending only presents itself in the 3rd-person singular (indicative present) form, but it is not an -ik verb in any other aspect. As a result, it cannot take the -om/-em/-öm ending in the 1st-person singular (indicative present) form, even in the most erudite style, only -ok/-ek/-ök. Naturally, the optional -m ending cannot appear, either, in their subjunctive or conditional 1st-person singular forms, so only -jak/-jek and -nék is possible in these respective forms. Similarly, the archaic -ék is not possible, either, in the subjunctive or conditional 3rd-person singular forms, i.e. -jék or -nék, only -jon/-jen-jön can appear as their subjunctive 3rd-person singular forms and -na/-ne as their conditional 3rd-person singular forms. These verbs include the following: bomlik, (el)bújik, (meg)érik, (le)folyik, (össze)gyűlik, hazudik, (le)hullik, (bele)/(oda)illik, (meg)jelenik, (el)kopik, (el)múlik, ömlik, (meg)születik, (meg)szűnik, (meg)telik, tojik, (el)törik, (el)/(fel)tűnik, (el)válik, and (el)züllik. (Ki)nyílik partially belongs here, as it cannot take the first-person -om ending but it can take the third-person -jék.

Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • bomlik in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’An Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • bomlik in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress)