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HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

-ö- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (plural suffix)

SuffixEdit

-ök

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    kör (circle)körök (circles)
    bűn (sin)bűnök (sins)
Usage notesEdit
  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    (woman) →‎ k (women)
    fa (tree) →‎ k (trees)
    csésze (cup) →‎ csészék (cups)
    -ak is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    ház (house) →‎ házak (houses)
    -ok is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    pad (bench) →‎ padok (benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded front-vowel words (and some rounded front-vowel words) ending in a consonant:
    kert (garden) →‎ kertek (gardens)
    könyv (book) →‎ könyvek (books)
    -ök is added to rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant:
    kör (circle) →‎ körök (circles)
  • Note that the plural form is not used after definite and indefinite numerals in Hungarian (e.g. három könyv - three books, néhány óra múlva - in a few hours), only if there is no numeral before the phrase. There are very few (traditional) exceptions, including háromkirályok, mindenszentek as well as összes művei, költeményei (compare plural -i after a possessive suffix).

Etymology 2Edit

-ö- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (personal suffix)

SuffixEdit

-ök

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the first-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    böjtöl (to fast)böjtölök (I fast, I am fasting)
Usage notesEdit
  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -ok is added to back vowel verbs
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel verbs
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel verbs
    -om is added to back vowel -ik verbs
    -em is added to unrounded front vowel -ik verbs
    -öm is added to rounded front vowel -ik verbs

See alsoEdit