HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

VerbEdit

illik

  1. (intransitive) to fit (somebody or something in terms of size, e.g. a place: -ra/-re, -ba/-be)
    Ez a kulcs nem illik a zárba.This key doesn't fit into the lock.
  2. (intransitive) to suit, to match (somebody or something, in terms of style/design, being in the same set or of the same nature: -hoz/-hez/-höz)
    A lila haj szerintem nem illik hozzád.I don't think purple hair suits you.
  3. (intransitive) to be proper (in terms of manners, with impersonal use)
    Az Operaházba nem illik farmerban menni.It is not proper to go to the Opera House in jeans.
ConjugationEdit
Usage notesEdit

This verb is called a pseudo-ik verb, as its -ik ending only presents itself in the 3rd-person singular (indicative present) form, but it is not an -ik verb in any other aspect. As a result, it cannot take the -om/-em/-öm ending in the 1st-person singular (indicative present) form, even in the most erudite style, only -ok/-ek/-ök. Naturally, the optional -m ending cannot appear, either, in their subjunctive or conditional 1st-person singular forms, so only -jak/-jek and -nék is possible in these respective forms. Similarly, the archaic -ék is not possible, either, in the subjunctive or conditional 3rd-person singular forms, i.e. -jék or -nék, only -jon/-jen-jön can appear as their subjunctive 3rd-person singular forms and -na/-ne as their conditional 3rd-person singular forms. These verbs include the following: bomlik, (el)bújik, (meg)érik, (le)folyik, (össze)gyűlik, hazudik, (le)hullik, (bele)/(oda)illik, (meg)jelenik, (el)kopik, (el)múlik, ömlik, (meg)születik, (meg)szűnik, (meg)telik, tojik, (el)törik, (el)/(fel)tűnik, (el)válik, and (el)züllik. (Ki)nyílik partially belongs here, as it cannot take the first-person -om ending but it can take the third-person -jék.

Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from the obsolete stem ir- (to run), which is also the basis of iramlik (to shoot off, scuttle off), with its stem-final -r altered to -l, itself a frequentative suffix -l, followed by the instantaneous verb-forming suffix -(a)n.[1]

VerbEdit

illik

  1. (obsolete) to disappear
  2. (obsolete) to run away
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
Expressions
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • illik in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.