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U+68A8, 梨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-68A8

[U+68A7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+68A9]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓木 (HND) or X竹弓木 (XHND), four-corner 22904, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 530, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14873
  • Dae Jaweon: page 918, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1215, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+68A8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*riːl
*riːl, *r'il, *r'i
*riːl
*riːl, *ril
*riːl, *ri
*riːl, *ril
*riːl
*riːl
*riːl
*rel
*ril
*ril
*ril
*ril
*ril
*rids
*rids
*riːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ril): phonetic  (OC *rids) + semantic .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lì - “pear”;
  • lài - used in 黃梨.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • lê - literary;
    • lâi - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (15)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /liɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /li/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ljɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /li/
    Li
    Rong
    /li/
    Wang
    Li
    /li/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7891
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ril/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. pear
    2. Alternative form of (, “to cut”).

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. pear

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    (nashi, ri, rin: the tree) and the fruit.
    Kanji in this term
    なし
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese [Term?]. Derivation unclear, with numerous theories. Two of the more common are given below.

    • May be originally a compound of (na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ (shiro, white) in reference to the pale flesh of the fruit.
    */na ɕiro//naɕi/
    • Alternatively, may be originally a compound of (na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ (su, sour, acidic) in reference to the way the flavor of the fruit becomes more astringent closer to the core.
    */na su//naɕi/

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana なし, katakana ナシ, rōmaji nashi)

    1. a pear tree
    2. a pear (the fruit)
    3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
    Derived termsEdit
    Usage notesEdit

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ナシ.

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (*li). Compare modern Mandarin reading .

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji ri)

    1. a pear tree
    2. a pear (the fruit)
    3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    りん
    Grade: S
    kan’yōon

    Alteration of ri reading.

    /ri//rin/

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana りん, rōmaji rin)

    1. pear
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ri>i) (hangeul >, revised ri>i, McCune-Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

    1. pear

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (, lệ)

    1. pear