Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓木 (HND) or X竹弓木 (XHND), four-corner 22904, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 530, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14873
  • Dae Jaweon: page 918, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1215, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+68A8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liɪ/ /li/ /li/ /li/ /li/ /li/ /ljɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7891 1 /*ril/ 同棃見漢書子虛賦

NounEdit

  1. pear

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

  1. Alternative form of : to cut

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. pear

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
: the tree and the fruit
Kanji in this term
なし
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Derivation unclear, with numerous theories. Two of the more common are given below.

  • May be originally a compound of ‎(na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ ‎(shiro, white) in reference to the pale flesh of the fruit.
*/na ɕiro/ > /naɕi/
  • Alternatively, may be originally a compound of ‎(na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ ‎(su, sour, acidic) in reference to the way the flavor of the fruit becomes more astringent closer to the core.
*/na su/ > /naɕi/

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana なし, katakana ナシ, romaji nashi)

  1. a pear tree
  2. a pear (the fruit)
  3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
Derived termsEdit
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ナシ.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(*li). Compare modern Mandarin reading .

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. a pear tree
  2. a pear (the fruit)
  3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
りん
Grade: S
kan'yōon

Alteration of ri reading.

/ri//rin/

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

‎(hiragana りん, romaji rin)

  1. pear
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ri, i) (hangeul , , revised ri, i, McCune-Reischauer ri, i, Yale li, i)

  1. pear

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, lệ)

  1. pear
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