liberal

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

The adjective is from Old French liberal, from Latin liberalis ‎(befitting a freeman), from liber ‎(free); it is attested since the 14th century. The noun is first attested in the 1800s.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

liberal ‎(comparative more liberal, superlative most liberal)

  1. (now rare outside of set phrases) Pertaining to those arts and sciences the study of which was considered "worthy of a free man" (as opposed to servile, vocational, mechanical); worthy, befitting a gentleman.
    • 1983, David Leslie Wagner, The Seven liberal arts in the Middle Ages
    • 1997, Gordon D. Morgan, Toward an American Sociology: Questioning the European Construct (ISBN 0275949990), page 45:
      Americans remain enamored with Europe's ability to produce the consequential thought for America. It was the same in nearly every liberal field. Education sought its roots in such Europeans as Froebel, Frobenius, and Rousseau. Political science tried to connect to Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Nietzsche, Machiavelli, and Otto von Bismarck, for instance. Economics copied the thought of Adam Smith, []
    • 2008, Donal G. Mulcahy, The Educated Person: Toward a New Paradigm for Liberal Education (ISBN 0742561224)
    He had a full education studying the liberal arts.
  2. Generous, willing to give unsparingly.
    • 2005, John Gardner, Assessment and Learning (ISBN 141291051X), page 50:
      When he shows improvement she is liberal with her praise and then moves on to the next set of skills to be learnt.
    • 2007, Helena Page Schrader, The English Templar (ISBN 0595432719), page 309:
      Queen Isabella was already being called Santa Isabella by many of her subjects because she was liberal with her alms.
    • 2010, Simon Guillebaud, More Than Conquerors: A Call to Radical Discipleship (ISBN 1854249738), page 142:
      Was it because the believers were so liberal with their possessions that God was so liberal with his grace?
    • 2013 June 14, Jonathan Freedland, “Obama's once hip brand is now tainted”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 1, page 18:
      Now we are liberal with our innermost secrets, spraying them into the public ether with a generosity our forebears could not have imagined. Where we once sent love letters in a sealed envelope, or stuck photographs of our children in a family album, now such private material is despatched to servers and clouds operated by people we don't know and will never meet.
    He was liberal with his compliments.
  3. Ample, abundant; generous in quantity.
    • 1896, in Ice and refrigeration, volume 11, page 93:
      For this reason a liberal amount of piping should be used. If a liberal supply of piping is provided at first, the first cost will of course be greater, but the extra expenditure is called for but once.
    • 2009, R. Furman Kenney, Chesterville: The Village at the End of the Road (ISBN 1438960344), page 102:
      The result was usually that such helpers got a liberal sprinkling of mud over their clothing.
    • 2011, Marlene Perez, Dead Is Not an Option (ISBN 0547345933), page 37:
      Rose put a steaming cup of mint tea in front of me and spooned a liberal helping of honey into it.
    Add a liberal sprinkling of salt.
  4. (obsolete) Unrestrained, licentious.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act 4 Scene 1
      Myself, my brother, and this grieved count,
      Did see her, hear her, at that hour last night,
      Talk with a ruffian at her chamber-window;
      Who hath indeed, most like a liberal villain,
      Confess'd the vile encounters they have had
      A thousand times in secret.
  5. Widely open to new ideas, willing to depart from established opinions or conventions; permissive.
    Her parents had liberal ideas about child-rearing.
  6. (politics) Open to political or social changes and reforms associated with either classical or modern liberalism.
    Younger people tend to be more liberal than older people.

AntonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

NounEdit

liberal ‎(plural liberals)

  1. One with liberal views, supporting individual liberty (see Wikipedia's article on Liberalism).
  2. (US) Someone left-wing; one with a left-wing ideology.
  3. A supporter of any of several liberal parties.
  4. (Britain) One who favors individual voting rights, human and civil rights, and laissez-faire markets (also called "classical liberal"; compare libertarian).

Coordinate termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

External linksEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

AdjectiveEdit

liberal m, f ‎(masculine and feminine plural liberals)

  1. liberal

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

liberal ‎(comparative liberaler, superlative am liberalsten)

  1. liberal; permissive; allowing personal freedoms
    Seine Eltern waren streng katholische Kirchgänger, aber liberal gegenüber den Kindern.
    His parents were strict Catholic church-goers, but were liberal towards their children.
  2. (politics) liberal; libertarian (see usage notes below)
    Die FDP ist die wichtigste liberale Partei in Deutschland.
    The FDP is Germany’s most important liberal party.

Usage notesEdit

  • The most prominent, though not the only, association with political liberalism in German-speaking Europe is support for free market economy and rejection of state interventionism. Both of these policies regularly put liberals in sharp opposition to the Marxism-based left. Liberal parties most often represent the centre or even the centre-right of the political spectrum.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

liberal m

  1. appropriate for a free person
  2. generous; giving

DescendantsEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin liberalis ‎(befitting a freeman), from liber ‎(free).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

liberal m, f ‎(plural liberais, comparable)

  1. liberal, generous, tolerant

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From lȉberālan.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /liběraːl/
  • Hyphenation: li‧be‧ral

NounEdit

libèrāl m ‎(Cyrillic spelling либѐра̄л)

  1. liberal

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • liberal” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SpanishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

liberal m, f ‎(plural liberales)

  1. liberal

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

liberal

  1. liberal

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of liberal
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular liberal liberalare liberalast
Neuter singular liberalt liberalare liberalast
Plural liberala liberalare liberalast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 liberale liberalare liberalaste
All liberala liberalare liberalaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.

NounEdit

liberal c

  1. a liberal

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of liberal
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative liberal liberalen liberaler liberalerna
Genitive liberals liberalens liberalers liberalernas
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