The noun is derived from Middle English orient, oriente, oryent, oryente, oryentte (“the east direction; eastern horizon or sky; eastern regions of the world, Asia, Orient; eastern edge of the world”), borrowed from Anglo-Norman orient, oriente, and Old French orient (“east direction; Asia, Orient”) (modern French orient), or directly from its etymon Latin oriēns (“the east; daybreak, dawn; sunrise; (participle) rising; appearing; originating”), present active participle of orior (“to get up, rise; to appear, become visible; to be born, come to exist, originate”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃er- (“to move, stir; to rise, spring”).
The adjective is derived from Middle English orient (“eastern; from Asia or the Orient; brilliant, shining (characteristic of jewels from the Orient)”), from Middle English orient (noun); see above.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɔː.ɹɪ.ənt/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɔ.ɹi.ənt/, /ˈɒ.ɹɪ-/
- Hyphenation: or‧i‧ent
Audio (UK) (file)
orient (plural orients)
- Usually preceded by the: alternative letter-case form of [from 14th c.]
- Antonym: occident
- c. 1596–1599, William Shakespeare, “King Henry IV. Part II.”, in The Plays of William Shakespeare, volume IX, London: Printed for T[homas] Longman [et al.], published 1793, OCLC 848144125, Act I, induction [prologue], page 6:
- I, from the orient to the drooping weſt, / Making the wind my poſthorſe, ſtill unfold / The acts commenced on this ball of earth: [...]
- The part of the horizon where the sun first appears in the morning; the east.
- 1609, William Shakespeare, “Sonnet 7”, in Shake-speares Sonnets. Neuer before Imprinted, London: By G[eorge] Eld for T[homas] T[horpe] and are to be sold by William Aspley, OCLC 216596634:
- Loe in the Orient when the gracious light, / Lifts vp his burning head, each vunder eye / Doth homage to his new appearing ſight, [...]
- (obsolete) A pearl originating from the Indian region, reputed to be of great brilliance; (by extension) any pearl of particular beauty and value. [19th c.]
- 1825, James Anthony Froude, quoting Thomas Carlyle, “a.d. 1825. æt. 30.”, in Thomas Carlyle: A History of the First Forty Years of His Life, 1795–1835 [...] Two Volumes in One (Harper’s Franklin Square Library; nos. 245 and 246), volume I, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, […], published 1882, OCLC 663719806, page 174:
- The chambers of the East are opened in every land, and the sun comes forth to sow the earth with orient pearl.
- (by extension) The brilliance or colour of a high-quality pearl.
orient (not comparable)
- (dated, poetic, also figuratively) Rising, like the morning sun.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book V”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554, lines 175–176:
- Moon, that now meetſt the orient sun, now fli'ſt / With the fixt Starrs, fixt in thir Orb that flies, [...]
- (dated, poetic) Of the colour of the sky at daybreak; bright red.
- Synonym: Orient red
- (obsolete except poetic) Of, facing, or located in the east; eastern, oriental.
- Antonym: occidental
- (obsolete except poetic) Of a pearl or other gem: of great brilliance and value; (by extension) bright, lustrous.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:shining
- 1589, Ralph Lane, “An Account of the Peculiarities of the Imployments of the English Men Left in Virginia by Sir Richard Greeneuill vnder the Charge of Master Ralfe Lane General of the same, from the 17. of August, 1585, vntill the 18. of Iune 1586, at which Time They Departed the Countrie: [...]”, in Richard Hakluyt, The Principall Navigations, Voiages, and Discoveries of the English Nation, […], imprinted at London: By George Bishop and Ralph Newberie, deputies to Christopher Barker, printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majestie, OCLC 753964576, 1st part (Declaring the Particularities of the Countrey of Virginia), page 739:
- [...] He gaue me a rope of the ſame Pearle, but they were blacke, and naught, yet many of them were very great, and a fewe amongſt a number very orient and round, [...]
- (Can we date this quote?) Jeremy Taylor
- pearls round and orient
- (Can we date this quote?) Wordsworth
- orient gems
- (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
- orient liquor in a crystal glass
- (transitive) To build or place (something) so as to face eastward.
- (transitive, by extension) To align or place (a person or object) so that his, her, or its east side, north side, etc., is positioned toward the corresponding points of the compass; (specifically, surveying) to rotate (a map attached to a plane table) until the line of direction between any two of its points is parallel to the corresponding direction in nature.
- Synonym: orientate (commonly Britain)
- (transitive) To direct towards or point at a particular direction.
- Synonym: orientate (commonly Britain)
- The workers oriented all the signs to face the road.
- (transitive, reflexive) To determine which direction one is facing.
- Let me just orient myself and we can be on our way.
- (transitive, often reflexive, figuratively) To familiarize (oneself or someone) with a circumstance or situation.
- (transitive, figuratively) To set the focus of (something) so as to appeal or relate to a certain group.
- We will orient our campaign to the youth who are often disinterested.
- (intransitive) To change direction to face a certain way.
- ^ “orient(e, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 11 June 2019.
- ^ Compare “orient, n. and adj.”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, September 2004; “orient” in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press.
- ^ “orient, adj.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 11 June 2019.
- ^ “orient, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, September 2004.
orient m (plural orients)