See also:
U+755D, 畝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-755D

[U+755C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+755E]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 102, +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜田弓人 (YWNO), four-corner 07680, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 761, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21815
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1171, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2538, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+755D

Chinese edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin edit

Originally written as , a phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *mɯʔ) : semantic (field) + phonetic (OC *mɯːʔ). The phonetic component was later replaced with , now written as the new phonetic component (OC *kʷlɯʔ). The component was added above in the Warring States period and was later corrupted into in clerical script.

Etymology edit

Possibly Sino-Tibetan. Compare Tibetan རྨོ (rmo), རྨོས (rmos, to plow), རྨོད (rmod, plowing), རྨོན་པ (rmon pa, plow-ox), Karbi [Term?] (-mò, classifier for strips of fields) (Bodman, 1980; Baxter, 1992; Schuessler, 2007).

Schuessler (2007) also suggests a connection to an Austroasiatic root, whence Old Khmer cval (to enter; to penetrate; (of animals) to copulate), Khmu [script needed] (cmɔɔl, to plant (rice) with a digging stick), [script needed] (crmɔɔl, digging stick) (cf. Ferlus, 1987). The semantic development would be “digging stick” > “plowing” > “mu”. He also connects this to (OC *mɯwʔ, “male animal”); see there for more.

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • 3meu - literary;
  • 3hhmm - vernacular.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mu²¹⁴/
    Harbin /mu²¹³/
    Tianjin /mu¹³/
    Jinan /mu⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /mu⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /mu⁵³/
    Xi'an /mu⁵³/
    Xining /mv̩⁵³/
    Yinchuan /mu⁵³/
    Lanzhou /mu⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /mu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /məu⁴²/
    Chengdu /moŋ⁵³/
    Guiyang /moŋ⁴²/
    Kunming /mu⁵³/
    Nanjing /mu²¹²/
    Hefei /mʊ²⁴/
    /məŋ²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /mu⁵³/
    Pingyao /mu⁵³/
    Hohhot /mu⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /mɤ²³/
    /m̩²³/
    Suzhou /mɤ³¹/
    /m³¹/
    Hangzhou /mu⁵³/
    Wenzhou /mɜ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /mɔ³⁵/
    /m̩³⁵/
    Tunxi /mo³¹/
    /miu³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /məu⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /məɯ⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /mɛu²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /meu⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /meu⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐu²³/
    Nanning /mɐu²⁴/
    Hong Kong /mɐu¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /bɔ⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /mu³²/
    Jian'ou (Northern Min) /me²¹/
    Shantou (Teochew) /bou⁵³/
    Haikou (Hainanese) /mɔu²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter muwX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /məuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /məuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /məuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /məwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /muX/
    Wang
    Li
    /məuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mǒu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mau5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ muwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*məʔ/ (< *mˁoʔ ?)
    English Chinese acre

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9322
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions edit

    1. mu (a Chinese measuring unit currently equivalent to 666 and 2/3 meters squared in Mainland China)
    2. (Classical) cropland

    Compounds edit

    Further reading edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term
    うね
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    うね
    [noun] a raised ridge of earth in a field
    [noun] rib
    Alternative spelling
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    H
    [noun] : se (Japanese unit of area)
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 3 edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kan’yōon

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    () (ho

    1. mu (Chinese unit of surface area)
    Usage notes edit

    Different from the Japanese (se, se).

    References edit

    1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC muwX). Recorded as Middle Korean /모〯 (mwǒ) (Yale: mwo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 이랑 (irang mu))
    (eumhun 이랑 (irang myo))

    1. Hanja form? of / (mu (Chinese unit of surface area)).

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: mẩu, mẫu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.