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U+8010, 耐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8010

[U+800F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8011]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 126, +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一月木戈 (MBDI), four-corner 14200, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 962, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28879
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1409, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2811, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8010

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms
𡬪
𦓎
𩈃

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯːs
*nɯːs, *njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ, *njuɡ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*nɯɡ, *nuɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *nɯːs): phonetic  (OC *njɯ) + semantic .

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (8)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nəjH/
Li
Rong
/nᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/nɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nài
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nài
Middle
Chinese
‹ nojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁə-s/
English endure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2718
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nɯːs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. durable; able to withstand
      ―  nàihuǒ  ―  fire resistant
  2. to bear; to endure
    吃苦 / 吃苦  ―  chīkǔnàiláo  ―  (literally) to consume bitterness and to endure hardship
  3. (Cantonese, of time) long; taking a long time to happen
    已經 [Cantonese, trad.]
    已经 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Ngo5 ji5 ging1 dang2 zo2 hou2 noi6 aa3! [Jyutping]
    I've already waited forever!
    [Cantonese, trad.]
    [Cantonese, simp.]
    Nei5 heoi3 zo2 gam3 sei2 noi6 sin1 maai5 zo2 jat1 gin6 saam1? [Jyutping]
    You went for so long and only got one darn shirt?

SynonymsEdit

  • (Cantonese: long): (Standard Mandarin) (jiǔ)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to withstand

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (nae))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: nại[1]
: Nôm readings: nại[1][2], nề[1][2], nài[2]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit