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ChineseEdit

 
morning; to face; towards; facing; direct; a dynasty; the imperial court; (abbr.) Korea, esp. N. Korea
 
statesman; vassal; courtier; minister; official
simp. and trad.
(朝臣)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (11) (25)
Final () (92) (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiᴇu/ /d͡ʑiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚiɛu/ /d͡ʑin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiæu/ /d͡ʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖiaw/ /d͡ʑin/
Li
Rong
/ȡjɛu/ /ʑiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭɛu/ /ʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ɛu/ /ʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cháo chén

NounEdit

朝臣

  1. courtier (attendant at a royal court)

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (朝臣):

Others:

  • Old Japanese: 朝臣 (aso2mi1, aso2)
    • Japanese: 朝臣 (asomi, ason)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
あさ > あそ
Grade: 2
おみ > ん
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

⟨aso2mi1 → */asəmʲɨ/ → */asomʉ//asoɴ/

Shift from asomi below, Old Japanese aso2mi1.[1][2]

The alternative readings are later-period shifts of the ason spelling.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

朝臣 (hiragana あそん, rōmaji ason, alternative reading あそう, rōmaji asō, alternative reading あっそん, rōmaji asson)

  1. (historical) the second-highest of the 八色の姓 (Yakusa no Kabane, eight hereditary titles promulgated by Emperor Tenmu) [since 675 CE]
  2. (historical) a title given to powerful courtiers and members of the imperial family up to the fourth rank [since the Heian period]
Derived termsEdit

PronounEdit

朝臣 (hiragana あそん, rōmaji ason)

  1. (archaic) second-person pronoun used as a form of mutual respect among courtiers, equivalent to あなた (anata) or (kimi)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
あさ > あそ
Grade: 2
おみ > み
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

⟨asa omi1⟨aso2mi1 → */asəmʲɨ//asomi/

From Old Japanese.

Orthographic borrowing from Middle Chinese 朝臣 (MC ɖˠiᴇu d͡ʑiɪn), equivalent to (asa, kun-reading of chō, “court) +‎ (omi, attendant, retainer).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

朝臣 (hiragana あそみ, rōmaji asomi)

  1. (historical) the second-highest of the 八色の姓 (Yakusa no Kabane, eight hereditary titles promulgated by Emperor Tenmu) [since 675 CE]
  2. (historical) a title given to powerful courtiers and members of the imperial family up to the fourth rank [since the Heian period]
Derived termsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ちょう
Grade: 2
しん
Grade: 4
kan’on

/teu ɕin//t͡seuɕin//t͡ɕoːɕin/

From Middle Chinese 朝臣 (MC ɖˠiᴇu d͡ʑiɪn).

Compare modern Mandarin 朝臣 (cháochén).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

朝臣 (hiragana ちょうしん, rōmaji chōshin, historical hiragana てうしん)

  1. a courtier (attendant at a royal court)
    Synonym: 廷臣 (teishin)
See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Old JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

⟨asa omi1⟨aso2mi1

Orthographic borrowing from Middle Chinese 朝臣 (MC ɖˠiᴇu d͡ʑiɪn), equivalent to (asa, kun-reading of teu, “court) +‎ (omi1, attendant, retainer).

NounEdit

朝臣 (aso2mi1) (kana あそみ)

  1. (historical) the second-highest of the 八色の姓 (Yakusa no Kabane, eight hereditary titles promulgated by Emperor Tenmu)
DescendantsEdit
  • Japanese: 朝臣 (あそみ, asomi, あそん, ason)

Etymology 2Edit

Short-form of aso2mi1 above.

NounEdit

朝臣 (aso2) (kana あそ)

  1. (historical) the second-highest of the 八色の姓 (Yakusa no Kabane, eight hereditary titles promulgated by Emperor Tenmu)
    • 711712, Kojiki (poem 71)
      多麻岐波流宇知能阿曾那許曾波余能那賀比登蘇良美都夜麻登能久迩爾加里古牟登岐久夜
      tama ki1paru uti no2 aso2 na ko2so2 pa yo2 no2 nagapi1to2 so1ra mi1tu Yamato2-no2-kuni ni kari ko1mu to2 ki1ku ya
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
Derived termsEdit