U+670D, 服
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-670D

[U+670C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+670E]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 74, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月尸中水 (BSLE), four-corner 77247, composition𠬝)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 505, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 883, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2053, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+670D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𦨈

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯɡ): phonetic  (OC *bom) + semantic 𠬝 (to subdue). 凡 here is has been corrupted into 舟 and subsequently 月.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • fú - usual pronunciation;
  • fù - only in the sense “dose”.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • hŭk - literary;
    • hók - vernacular (“dose”).
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fu³⁵/
    Harbin /fu²⁴/
    Tianjin /fu⁴⁵/
    Jinan /fu⁴²/
    Qingdao /fu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /fu²⁴/
    Xi'an /fu²⁴/
    Xining /fv̩²⁴/
    Yinchuan /fu¹³/
    Lanzhou /fu⁵³/
    Ürümqi /fu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /fu²¹³/
    Chengdu /fu³¹/
    Guiyang /fu²¹/
    Kunming /fu³¹/
    Nanjing /fuʔ⁵/
    Hefei /fəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /fəʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /fəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /voʔ¹/
    Suzhou /voʔ³/
    Hangzhou /voʔ²/
    Wenzhou /fu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /fu²²/
    Tunxi /fu¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /fu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɸu²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /fuʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /fuk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /fuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fok̚²/
    Nanning /fuk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /fuk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔk̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xu⁴⁴/ 舒~
    /xu²⁴/ ~從
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hok̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fok̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjuwk › ‹ bjuwk › ‹ bjuwk › ‹ bjuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b]ək/ /*[b]ək/ /*[b]ək/ /*[b]əʔ/
    English quiver (n.) garment; wear (v.) subdue, submit box of a carriage

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3366
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bɯɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. clothes
        ―    ―  clothes
    2. mourning dress
    3. to wear; to put on
    4. to take; to eat
      /   ―  yào  ―  to take medicine
        ―  yòng  ―  to take medicine
        ―    ―  to take poison
      每日  ―  Měirì sān cì.  ―  Take it three times a day.
    5. to serve
        ―    ―  customer service
      兵役  ―  bīngyì  ―  to serve in the army
        ―  xíng  ―  to serve a sentence
    6. to submit; to agree; to accept; to obey
        ―    ―  to refuse to accept
    7. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
        ―  le nǐ le.  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
      真係 [Cantonese, trad.]
      真系 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Ngo5 zan1 hai6 fuk6 zo2 nei5. [Jyutping]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    8. to convince; to persuade
    9. to be accustomed to
    10. Classifier for doses for TCM regimens.
    11. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ふく) (fuku)
    • Korean: (, bok)
    • Vietnamese: phục ()

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. clothing
    2. an amount equal to one swallow (act of swallowing), a gulp
    3. obey

    ReadingsEdit

    CounterEdit

    (ふく) (-fuku

    1. an amount equal to one swallow:
      1. doses of medicine
      2. gulps of tea
      3. puffs of tobacco

    NounEdit

    (ふく) (fuku

    1. clothes

    Derived termsEdit

    SynonymsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (ふく) (-fuku

    1. clothes

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (ot bok))

    1. Clothes, Clothing

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (phục)

    1. Clothes/clothing
    2. to be submisive, to serve
    3. to admire, to esteem