Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
服-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(kneeling person) +  ‎(spread hands) +  ‎(person's back) = a kneeling person attending another person's back.[1]

Han characterEdit

(radical 74 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月尸中水 (BSLE), four-corner 77247, composition𠬝)

  1. clothes
  2. wear, dress

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.kanjinetworks.com/eng/kanji-dictionary/online-kanji-etymology-dictionary.cfm
  • KangXi: page 505, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 883, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2053, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+670D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fu³⁵/
Harbin /fu²⁴/
Tianjin /fu⁴⁵/
Jinan /fu⁴²/
Qingdao /fu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /fu²⁴/
Xi'an /fu²⁴/
Xining /fv̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /fu¹³/
Lanzhou /fu⁵³/
Ürümqi /fu⁵¹/
Wuhan /fu²¹³/
Chengdu /fu³¹/
Guiyang /fu²¹/
Kunming /fu³¹/
Nanjing /fuʔ⁵/
Hefei /fəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /fəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /fəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /voʔ¹/
Suzhou /voʔ³/
Hangzhou /voʔ²/
Wenzhou /fu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /fu²²/
Tunxi /fu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɸu²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /fuʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /fuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /fuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fok̚²/
Nanning /fuk̚²²/
Hong Kong /fuk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xu⁴⁴/ 舒~
/xu²⁴/ ~从
Shantou (Min Nan) /hok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fok̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨuk̚/ /bʱi̯uk̚/ /biuk̚/ /biuk̚/ /buwk̚/ /bĭuk̚/ /biuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjuwk › /*[b]ək/ quiver (n.)
‹ bjuwk › /*[b]ək/ garment; wear (v.)
‹ bjuwk › /*[b]ək/ subdue, submit
‹ bjuwX › /*[b]əʔ/ box of a carriage

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3366 0 /*bɯɡ/

NounEdit

  1. clothes

CompoundsEdit

VerbEdit

  1. To take; to eat.
    /   ―  yào  ―  to take medicine

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. clothing
  2. an amount equal to one swallow (act of swallowing)

ReadingsEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana ふく, romaji -fuku)

  1. an amount equal to one swallow:
    1. doses of medicine
    2. gulps of tea
    3. puffs of tobacco

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ふく, romaji fuku)

  1. clothes

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana ふく, romaji -fuku)

  1. clothes

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bok) (hangeul , revised bok, McCune-Reischauer pok, Yale pok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phục)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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