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See also:
U+5FD7, 志
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FD7

[U+5FD6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FD8]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土心 (GP), four-corner 40331, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 376, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10331
  • Dae Jaweon: page 703, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2269, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5FD7

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tjɯ
*tjɯ
*tjɯs
*tjɯs
*tjɯs
*tjɯs
*tʰjɯ
*tʰjɯ
*tʰjɯ
*tʰjɯ
*djɯ
*diʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯs): phonetic  (OC *tjɯ) + semantic .

Note that the top has been simplified and is now graphically .

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
 
𢖽
𢗍
partial
partial
partial
partial

From (OC *tjɯ, “to go; to proceed”) + endopassive suffix *-s, literally “what is being proceeded to” (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhì
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyiH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tə-s/
English goal, intention, aspiration

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. will; determination; aspiration; ambition
  2. annals; records; Alternative form of .
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. purpose, will, determination, aspiration, ambition

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

This is one of only three everyday kanji with a 5 morae reading, and one of only two nouns, namely  (こころざし) (kokorozashi) (nominalization of form of verb  (こころざ) (kokorozasu), which has a four-mora reading). The only other kanji with five-mora readings are , in the verb  (うけたまわ) (uketamawaru), and  (みことのり) (mikotonori). No kanji in common use has a six- or more mora reading.

The unusually long reading is due to two factors:  (こころざし) (kokorozashi) is a nominalization of the verb  (こころざ) (kokorozasu), which has a long reading (4 morae, kokoroza-su), which itself is a noun-verb compound, 心指 (こころざ) (kokorozasu). The nominalization removing the okurigana, hence increasing the reading by one morae, yielding 4+1=5, or more finely 3+(1+1)=5 (compare common  (はなし) (hanashi) 2+1=3, from  (はな) (hanasu)).


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune-Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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