See also:
U+5FD7, 志
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FD7

[U+5FD6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FD8]

志 U+2F89E, 志
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F89E
忍
[U+2F89D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 忹
[U+2F89F]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 61, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土心 (GP), four-corner 40331, composition )

Derived characters

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Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 376, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10331
  • Dae Jaweon: page 703, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2269, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5FD7

Chinese

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Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *tjɯs) : phonetic (OC *tjɯ) + semantic .

Note that the top has been simplified and is now graphically .

Etymology 1

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𢖽
𢗍
partial
partial
partial
𢖽
𢗍
partial
partial
partial
partial
 

From (OC *tjɯ, “to go; to proceed”) + endopassive suffix *-s, literally “what is being proceeded to” (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsyiH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhì
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyiH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tə-s/
English goal, intention, aspiration

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯs/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. will; determination; aspiration; ambition
  2. Alternative form of (zhì, annals; records)
  3. a surname

Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():
  • Vietnamese: chí ()

Etymology 2

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“records, annals; to memorize; etc.”).
(This character is the simplified form of ).
Notes:

Japanese

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Kanji

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(Fifth grade kyōiku kanji)

  1. purpose, will, determination, aspiration, ambition

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
こころざし
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 志す (kokorozasu, to intend to do something, to aspire to do something).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(こころざし) (kokorozashi

  1. intention, aspiration, aim, ambition, will
Usage notes
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This is one of only four everyday kanji with a five-mora reading, and one of only two nouns. The only other kanji with five-mora readings are in the verb (うけたまわ) (uketamawaru), in the verb (おもんぱか) (omonpakaru), and (みことのり) (mikotonori). No kanji in common use has a six- or more mora reading. (Also see (はかりごと) (hakarigoto))

The unusually long reading is due to two factors: (こころざし) (kokorozashi) is a nominalization of the verb (こころざ) (kokorozasu), which has a long reading (four morae, kokoroza-su), which itself is a noun-verb compound, (こころ)() (kokorozasu). The nominalization absorbs the okurigana, hence increasing the reading by one mora, yielding 4+1=5, or more finely 3+(1+1)=5 (compare common (はなし) (hanashi) 2+1=3, from (はな) (hanasu)).

Etymology 2

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Various name readings.

Proper noun

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(ゆき) (Yuki

  1. a female given name

(ここ) (Koko

  1. a female given name

(こころ) (Kokoro

  1. a female given name

(のぞみ) (Nozomi

  1. a female given name

(しい) (Shii

  1. a female given name

(のぞむ) (Nozomu

  1. a male given name

() (Shi

  1. a surname

References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun (tteut ji))

  1. hanja form? of (intention, will)

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: chí, cao

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.