U+6012, 怒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6012

[U+6011]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6013]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女水心 (VEP), four-corner 47334, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 380, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10439
  • Dae Jaweon: page 708, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2282, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6012

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *naːʔ, *naːs): semantic (heart) + phonetic (OC *naː, slave) – angry.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan, perhaps from the same word family as (OC *naːʔ, “effort”). Compare Proto-Kuki-Chin *nuar (to sulk; to agitate), whence e.g. Mizo nàwrh (to sulk; to be displeased) (Schuessler 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (8) (8)
Final () (23) (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nuoX/ /nuoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nuoX/ /nuoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/noX/ /noH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɔX/ /nɔH/
Li
Rong
/noX/ /noH/
Wang
Li
/nuX/ /nuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nuoX/ /nuoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
nou5 nou6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nuX › ‹ nuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.nˁaʔ/ /*C.nˁaʔ-s/
English angry anger, angry; vigorous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9608 9610
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːʔ/ /*naːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary, or in compounds) anger; wrath
  2. (literary, or in compounds) furious; indignant
  3. (literary, or in compounds) to burst into anger; to be indignant
  4. (Classical Chinese) to condemn; to strongly criticize
  5. (Classical Chinese) strong; powerful
  6. (Classical Chinese) to rouse oneself; to exert oneself
  7. (~族) Nu people

SynonymsEdit

  • (furious):
  • (to burst in anger):
  • (to condemn):
  • (strong):
  • (to rouse oneself):

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Korean: (, no)
  • Vietnamese: nộ ()

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. anger, fury

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 성낼 (seongnael no))

  1. Hanja form? of (anger; fury).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: nộ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.