U+6599, 料
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6599

[U+6598]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+659A]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 68, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 火木卜十 (FDYJ), four-corner 94900, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 478, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13501
  • Dae Jaweon: page 836, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2253, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6599

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (rice) + (dipper) – to measure; to gauge.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lâiu - vernacular (noun);
    • liêu - literary (verb:
    • “to measure; to consider; to estimate”);
    • lièu - obsolete literary (verb:
    • “to oversee; to manage”), now merged into liêu.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • liao7 - Shantou;
    • liou7 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (37) (37)
    Final () (93) (93)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () IV IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /leu/ /leuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /leu/ /leuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /leu/ /leuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɛw/ /lɛwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /leu/ /leuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /lieu/ /lieuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lieu/ /lieuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liáo liào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lewH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ˁew-s/
    English measure (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 8068 8069
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𩕐
    Old
    Chinese
    /*reːw/ /*reːws/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to anticipate; to predict; to foresee; to expect
    2. to oversee; to manage; to deal with
    3. material; matter; substance
    4. ingredient; constituent; component
    5. material (person or thing suited for a certain purpose); makings
      不是當兵 / 不是当兵  ―  Tā bùshì dāngbīng de liào.  ―  He is not born to be a soldier.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (material; makings): 料子 (liàozi)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. fee
    2. materials

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    Kanji in this term
    りょう
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    SuffixEdit

    (りょう) (-ryō

    1. fee, cost
    2. material of something

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC leu). Recorded as Middle Korean 료ᇢ* (Yale: lyow) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

    From Middle Chinese (MC leuH). Recorded as Middle Korean 료ᇢ〮* (Yale: lyów) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

    Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: nyo) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

    PronunciationEdit

    (initial position)

    (fee; price; etc.):

    • Phonetic hangeul: [ː]
      Only applies at the initial position of a word. Always pronounced as a short vowel in other positions. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    (material; to predict; etc.):

    • Phonetic hangeul: []

    (non-initial position)

    • Phonetic hangeul: []

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 재료 (jaeryo ryo), South Korea 재료 (jaeryo yo))
    (eumhun 헤아릴 (hearil ryo), South Korea 헤아릴 (hearil yo))

    1. Hanja form? of / (fee; price; cost).
    2. Hanja form? of / (count).
    3. Hanja form? of / (material).
    4. Hanja form? of / (to predict; to anticipate).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (liệu, liều, xệu, lẽo, liêu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.