尿 U+5C3F, 尿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3F

[U+5C3E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C40]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

尿 (radical 44, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸水 (SE), four-corner 77232, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 300, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7651
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 966, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5C3F

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character 尿
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Small seal script
   

Pictogram (象形) in the oracle bone script. In the seal script, it became an ideogrammic compound (會意): (tail) + (water). later simplified into (“body”).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
尿
alternative forms

𡲘
𡱤

Related to Proto-Tai *niəwᴮ (urine) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • liō/jiō/giō/liǒ - colloquial;
  • niāu - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character 尿
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (93)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /neuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /neuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /neuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nɛwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /neuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /nieuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nieuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    niào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 尿
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    niào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ newH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kə.nˁewk-s/
    English urine

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 尿
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9517
    Phonetic
    component
    尿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    尿
    Old
    Chinese
    /*neːwɢs/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    尿

    1. urine (Classifier: m;  c)
    2. to urinate; to pee
    3. (dialectal Mandarin, Jin) to pay attention to someone
    4. (dialectal Mandarin) to yield to; to give up; to admit defeat
    5. (Tianjin) to fear; to be afraid of (the other party in a fight)
    6. (Tianjin) to lose heart; to be discouraged; to be cowardly
    7. (Tianjin) courage; guts
    8. (Ürümqi Mandarin) smug; cocky; pleased with oneself

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.
    尿

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    PronunciationEdit


    Note:
    • seoi1 - literary;
    • syu4 - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • sui1 - literary;
    • su1 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • DefinitionsEdit

    尿

    1. (colloquial) urine
    2. (colloquial) to urinate; to pee
    3. (dialectal Mandarin) bad; spineless; poor; damned
    4. (Wuhan) to fail; to break down
    5. (Wuhan) ugly; plain-looking
    6. (Wuhan) wantonly; arbitrarily; carelessly

    See alsoEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    尿

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. urine

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Compound of (yu, warm water) the nominalization of the verb 放る (maru, excrete).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿(ゆまり) (yumari

    1. urine

    Etymology 2Edit

    From 尿 (yumari). Bilabial nasal /m/ loses nasality becoming /b/.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿(ゆばり) (yubari

    1. urine

    Etymology 3Edit

    From 尿 (yubari). Initial /yu/ > */yi/ > /i/.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿(いばり) (ibari

    1. urine

    Etymology 4Edit

    From 尿 (yubari), with the initial /yu/ dropping off.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿(ばり) (bari

    1. urine

    Etymology 5Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿(しと) (shito

    1. urine

    Etymology 6Edit

    Cognate with 尿 (shito) and 尿 (shii).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿(しし) (shishi

    1. urine

    Etymology 7Edit

    Cognate with 尿 (shito) and 尿 (shishi).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿(しい) (shī

    1. urine

    Etymology 8Edit

    /neu/ > [njoː].

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿(にょう) (nyō (historical kana ねう)

    1. urine

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese 尿 (MC neuH). Recorded as Middle Korean 뇨〯 (Yale: nyo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    尿 (eumhun 오줌 (ojum nyo), South Korea 오줌 (ojum yo))

    1. Hanja form? of / (urine).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    尿 (niếu, niệu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.