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尿 U+5C3F, 尿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3F

[U+5C3E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C40]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

尿 (radical 44, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸水 (SE), four-corner 77232, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 300, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7651
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 966, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5C3F

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character 尿
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Small seal script
   

Pictogram (象形) in the oracle bone script. In the seal script, it became an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (tail) +  (water). later simplified into (“body”).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
尿
variant forms

𡲘
𡱤

Related to Proto-Tai *niəwᴮ (urine) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • liō/jiō/giō/liǒ - colloquial;
  • niāu - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character 尿
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (93)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /neuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /neuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /neuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nɛwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /neuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /nieuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nieuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    niào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 尿
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    niào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ newH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kə.nˤewk-s/
    English urine

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 尿
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9517
    Phonetic
    component
    尿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    尿
    Old
    Chinese
    /*neːwɢs/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    尿

    1. urine (Classifier: m;  c)
    2. to urinate; to pee
    3. (dialectal Mandarin, Jin) to pay attention to someone
    4. (dialectal Mandarin) to yield to; to give up; to admit defeat
    5. (Tianjin Mandarin) to fear; to be afraid of (the other party in a fight)
    6. (Tianjin Mandarin) to lose heart; to be discouraged; to be cowardly
    7. (Tianjin Mandarin) courage; guts
    8. (Ürümqi Mandarin) smug; cocky; pleased with oneself

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.
    尿
      This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    PronunciationEdit


    Note:
    • seoi1 - literary;
    • syu4 - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • sui1 - literary;
    • su1 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • DefinitionsEdit

    尿

    1. (colloquial) urine
    2. (colloquial) to urinate; to pee
    3. (dialectal Mandarin) bad; spineless; poor; damned
    4. (Wuhan Mandarin) to fail; to break down
    5. (Wuhan Mandarin) ugly; plain-looking
    6. (Wuhan Mandarin) wantonly; arbitrarily; carelessly

    See alsoEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    尿

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. urine

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Compound of (yu, warm water) the nominalization of the verb 放る (maru, excrete).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿 (hiragana ゆまり, rōmaji yumari)

    1. urine

    Etymology 2Edit

    From 尿 (yumari). Bilabial nasal /m/ loses nasality becoming /b/.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿 (hiragana ゆばり, rōmaji yubari)

    1. urine

    Etymology 3Edit

    From 尿 (yubari). Inital /yu/ > */yi/ > /i/.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿 (hiragana いばり, rōmaji ibari)

    1. urine

    Etymology 4Edit

    From 尿 (yubari), with the initial /yu/ dropping off.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿 (hiragana ばり, rōmaji bari)

    1. urine

    Etymology 5Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿 (hiragana しと, rōmaji shito)

    1. urine

    Etymology 6Edit

    Cognate with 尿 (shito) and 尿 (shii).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿 (hiragana しし, rōmaji shishi)

    1. urine

    Etymology 7Edit

    Cognate with 尿 (shito) and 尿 (shishi).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿 (hiragana しい, rōmaji shī)

    1. urine

    Etymology 8Edit

    /neu/ > [njoː].

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    尿 (hiragana にょう, rōmaji nyō, historical hiragana ねう)

    1. urine

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    尿 (nyo) (hangeul , revised nyo, McCune–Reischauer nyo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    尿 (niếu, niệu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.