尿 U+5C3F, 尿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3F

[U+5C3E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C40]
U+F9BD, 尿
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9BD

[U+F9BC]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9BE]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

尿 (Kangxi radical 44, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸水 (SE), four-corner 77232, composition )

Derived characters edit

  • (also its variant form)

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 300, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7651
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 966, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5C3F

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character 尿
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Small seal script
   

Pictogram (象形) in the oracle bone script. In the seal script, it became an ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (tail) + (water). later simplified into (“body”).

Etymology 1 edit

simp. and trad.
尿
alternative forms


𡲘
𡱤

Related to Proto-Tai *niəwᴮ (urine) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • liō/jiō/giō/liǒ - colloquial;
  • niāu - literary.

Rime
Character 尿
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (8)
Final () (93)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter newH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/neuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/neuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/neuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛwH/
Li
Rong
/neuH/
Wang
Li
/nieuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nieuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
niào
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
niu6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 尿
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
niào
Middle
Chinese
‹ newH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kə.nˁewk-s/
English urine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 尿
Reading # 1/1
No. 9517
Phonetic
component
尿
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
尿
Old
Chinese
/*neːwɢs/
Notes

Definitions edit

尿

  1. urine (Classifier: m;  c)
  2. to urinate; to pee
  3. (dialectal Mandarin, Jin) to pay attention to someone
  4. (dialectal Mandarin) to yield to; to give up; to admit defeat
  5. (Tianjin Mandarin) to fear; to be afraid of (the other party in a fight)
  6. (Tianjin Mandarin) to lose heart; to be discouraged; to be cowardly
  7. (Tianjin Mandarin) courage; guts
  8. (Ürümqi Mandarin) smug; cocky; pleased with oneself

Synonyms edit

  • (urine): 小便 (xiǎobiàn); (Wu, dated) 小溲
  • (to urinate):

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

simp. and trad.
尿

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • seoi1 - literary;
  • syu4 - vernacular.
Note:
  • sui1 - literary;
  • su1 - vernacular.

Definitions edit

尿

  1. (colloquial) urine
  2. (colloquial) to urinate; to pee
  3. (dialectal Mandarin) bad; spineless; poor; damned
  4. (Wuhan Mandarin) to fail; to break down
  5. (Wuhan Mandarin) ugly; plain-looking
  6. (Wuhan Mandarin) wantonly; arbitrarily; carelessly

See also edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

尿

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. urine

Readings edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
尿
ゆまり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Compound of (yu, warm water) +‎ 放り (mari, excretion), the (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb () (maru, to excrete).[1][2][3]

First cited to the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

尿(ゆまり) (yumari

  1. [720–???] (archaic, possibly obsolete) urine

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
尿
ゆばり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/jumari//jubari/

From 尿 (yumari). Bilabial nasal /m/ loses nasality, becoming /b/. Likely due to lexicalization of the term, and a loss of awareness of the origins of the mari portion.[1]

First cited to the Wamyō Ruijushō of roughly 934 CE.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

尿(ゆばり) (yubari

  1. [from 934] urine

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
尿
いばり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/jumari//jubari/ → */jʉbari//ibari/

Shift from 尿 (yubari).[1][3]

Appears in a text from roughly 950 CE.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

尿(いばり) (ibari

  1. [from 950] urine

Etymology 4 edit

Kanji in this term
尿
ばり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Shortening of yubari[1][2][3] or ibari.[1][2][5]

First cited to the early 1300s.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

尿(ばり) (bari

  1. [from early 1300s] urine

Etymology 5 edit

Kanji in this term
尿
しと
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Unknown. Possibly onomatopoeia.

First cited to the Utsubo Monogatari of roughly 999 CE.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

尿(しと) (shito

  1. [999–???] (archaic) urine

Etymology 6 edit

Kanji in this term
尿
しし
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From baby talk, as a reduplication of the initial shi- in shito.[1][2][3]

First cited to a text from the late Muromachi period (late 1500s).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

尿(しし) (shishi

  1. [late 1500s–???] (archaic, childish) urine

Etymology 7 edit

Kanji in this term
尿
しい
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/ɕito//ɕi//ɕiː/

From baby talk.[1][2][3] From shito, formed by dropping the second syllable and lengthening the vowel.[1][2]

/ɕiɕi//ɕiːɕiː//ɕiː/

Alternatively, from shishi, formed by lengthening the vowel and dropping the second syllable.[2]

First cited to a text from the late 1700s.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

尿(しい) (shī

  1. [late 1700s–???] (archaic, childish) urine

Etymology 8 edit

Kanji in this term
尿
にょう
Grade: S
goon
Alternative spelling

/neu//njoː/

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 尿 (MC newH, “urine”).

First cited to a text from 1275.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

尿(にょう) (nyōねう (neu)?

  1. [from 1275] urine

References edit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Matsumura, Akira (1995) 大辞泉 (in Japanese), First edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese 尿 (MC newH). Recorded as Middle Korean 뇨〯 (nyǒ) (Yale: nyo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

尿 (eumhun 오줌 (ojum nyo), South Korea 오줌 (ojum yo))

  1. Hanja form? of / (urine).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

尿: Hán Nôm readings: niếu, niệu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.